Diagnosis and management of small bowel obstruction in virgin abdomen : a WSES position paper

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Amara , Y , Leppaniemi , A , Catena , F , Ansaloni , L , Sugrue , M , Fraga , G P , Coccolini , F , Biffl , W L , Peitzman , A B , Kluger , Y , Sartelli , M , Moore , E E , Di Saverio , S , Darwish , E , Endo , C , van Goor , H & ten Broek , R P 2021 , ' Diagnosis and management of small bowel obstruction in virgin abdomen : a WSES position paper ' , World journal of emergency surgery , vol. 16 , no. 1 , 36 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s13017-021-00379-8

Title: Diagnosis and management of small bowel obstruction in virgin abdomen : a WSES position paper
Author: Amara, Yousef; Leppaniemi, Ari; Catena, Fausto; Ansaloni, Luca; Sugrue, Michael; Fraga, Gustavo P.; Coccolini, Federico; Biffl, Walter L.; Peitzman, Andrew B.; Kluger, Yoram; Sartelli, Massimo; Moore, Ernest E.; Di Saverio, Salomone; Darwish, Esfo; Endo, Chikako; van Goor, Harry; ten Broek, Richard P.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, HUS Abdominal Center
Date: 2021-07-03
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: World journal of emergency surgery
ISSN: 1749-7922
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/334020
Abstract: Background Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is a common surgical emergency, causing high morbidity and healthcare costs. The majority of SBOs are caused by adhesions that result from previous surgeries. Bowel obstruction, however, also occurs in patients without previous operation or known pathology, a so called virgin abdomen. It is unknown if small bowel obstruction in the virgin abdomen (SBO-VA) can be managed according to the same principles as other cases of small bowel obstruction. The aim of this position paper is to evaluate the available evidence on etiology and management of small bowel obstruction in the virgin abdomen. Methods This is a narrative review with scoping aspects. Clinical topics covered in this review include epidemiology and etiology of SBO-VA, diagnosis and imaging, initial assessment, the role of surgical management in SBO-VA, and the role of non-operative management in SBO-VA. Results Our scoping search revealed seven original studies reporting original patient data related to SBO-VA. All the included studies are retrospective cohorts, with populations ranging between 44 and 103 patients with SBO-VA. Adhesions were found to be the cause of the obstruction in approximately half of the reported cases of SBO-VA. A relatively high number of cases of SBO-VA were managed surgically with studies reporting 39-83%. However, in cases where a trial of non-operative management was started, this was generally successful. Conclusion The data available suggest that etiology and treatment results for patients with SBO-VA are largely comparable to the results in patients with SBO after previous abdominal surgery. We therefore propose that patients with a virgin abdomen could be treated according to existing guidelines for SBO and adhesive small bowel obstruction.
Subject: Small bowel obstruction
Virgin abdomen
Adhesions
Conservative management
operative management
Immediate intervention
SOLUBLE CONTRAST AGENT
COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY SCAN
INTESTINAL-OBSTRUCTION
ADHESIONS
LAPAROTOMY
METAANALYSIS
RELIABILITY
ETIOLOGY
SURGERY
NEED
3126 Surgery, anesthesiology, intensive care, radiology
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