The Multiscale Monitoring of Peatland Ecosystem Carbon Cycling in the Middle Taiga Zone of Western Siberia : The Mukhrino Bog Case Study

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Dyukarev , E , Zarov , E , Alekseychik , P , Nijp , J , Filippova , N , Mammarella , I , Filippov , I , Bleuten , W , Khoroshavin , V , Ganasevich , G , Khoroshavin , V , Vesala , T & Lapshina , E 2021 , ' The Multiscale Monitoring of Peatland Ecosystem Carbon Cycling in the Middle Taiga Zone of Western Siberia : The Mukhrino Bog Case Study ' , Land , vol. 10 , no. 8 , 824 . https://doi.org/10.3390/land10080824

Title: The Multiscale Monitoring of Peatland Ecosystem Carbon Cycling in the Middle Taiga Zone of Western Siberia : The Mukhrino Bog Case Study
Author: Dyukarev, Egor; Zarov, Evgeny; Alekseychik, Pavel; Nijp, Jelmer; Filippova, Nina; Mammarella, Ivan; Filippov, Ilya; Bleuten, Wladimir; Khoroshavin, Vitaly; Ganasevich, Galina; Khoroshavin, Vitaly; Vesala, Timo; Lapshina, Elena
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research (INAR)
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
University of Helsinki, Doctoral Programme in Atmospheric Sciences
Date: 2021-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 26
Belongs to series: Land
ISSN: 2073-445X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/334179
Abstract: The peatlands of the West Siberian Lowlands, comprising the largest pristine peatland area of the world, have not previously been covered by continuous measurement and monitoring programs. The response of peatlands to climate change occurs over several decades. This paper summarizes the results of peatland carbon balance studies collected over ten years at the Mukhrino field station (Mukhrino FS, MFS) operating in the Middle Taiga Zone of Western Siberia. A multiscale approach was applied for the investigations of peatland carbon cycling. Carbon dioxide fluxes at the local scale studied using the chamber method showed net accumulation with rates from 110, to 57.8 gC m(-2) at the Sphagnum hollow site. Net CO2 fluxes at the pine-dwarf shrubs-Sphagnum ridge varied from negative (-32.1 gC m(-2) in 2019) to positive (13.4 gC m(-2) in 2017). The cumulative May-August net ecosystem exchange (NEE) from eddy-covariance (EC) measurements at the ecosystem scale was -202 gC m(-2) in 2015, due to the impact of photosynthesis of pine trees which was not registered by the chamber method. The net annual accumulation of carbon in the live part of mosses was estimated at 24-190 gC m(-2) depending on the Sphagnum moss species. Long-term carbon accumulation rates obtained by radiocarbon analysis ranged from 28.5 to 57.2 gC m(-2) yr(-1), with local extremes of up to 176.2 gC m(-2) yr(-1). The obtained estimates of various carbon fluxes using EC and chamber methods, the accounting for Sphagnum growth and decomposition, and long-term peat accumulation provided information about the functioning of the peatland ecosystems at different spatial and temporal scales. Multiscale carbon flux monitoring reveals useful new information for forecasting the response of northern peatland carbon cycles to climatic changes.
Subject: West Siberia
Mukhrino field station
bog
vegetation
greenhouse gases emission
bog functioning
climate change
TEA BAG INDEX
LITTER DECOMPOSITION
METHANE EMISSIONS
SOUTHERN TAIGA
FLUXES
CO2
EXCHANGE
SURFACE
BOREAL
TEMPERATURE
1172 Environmental sciences
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