Developmental Stage-Specific Effects of Parenting on Adolescents' Emotion Regulation : A Longitudinal Study From Infancy to Late Adolescence

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Tammilehto , J , Punamäki , R-L , Flykt , M , Vänskä , M , Heikkilä , L M , Lipsanen , J , Poikkeus , P , Tiitinen , A & Lindblom , J 2021 , ' Developmental Stage-Specific Effects of Parenting on Adolescents' Emotion Regulation : A Longitudinal Study From Infancy to Late Adolescence ' , Frontiers in Psychology , vol. 12 , 582770 . https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.582770

Title: Developmental Stage-Specific Effects of Parenting on Adolescents' Emotion Regulation : A Longitudinal Study From Infancy to Late Adolescence
Author: Tammilehto, Jaakko; Punamäki, Raija-Leena; Flykt, Marjo; Vänskä, Mervi; Heikkilä, Lotta M.; Lipsanen, Jari; Poikkeus, Piia; Tiitinen, Aila; Lindblom, Jallu
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Tampere University
University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, Teachers' Academy
University of Helsinki, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2021-06-04
Language: eng
Number of pages: 17
Belongs to series: Frontiers in Psychology
ISSN: 1664-1078
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/334210
Abstract: The quality of parenting shapes the development of children's emotion regulation. However, the relative importance of parenting in different developmental stages, indicative of sensitive periods, has rarely been studied. Therefore, we formulated four hypothetical developmental timing models to test the stage-specific effects of mothering and fathering in terms of parental autonomy and intimacy in infancy, middle childhood, and late adolescence on adolescents' emotion regulation. The emotion regulation included reappraisal, suppression, and rumination. We hypothesized that both mothering and fathering in each developmental stage contribute unique effects to adolescents' emotion regulation patterns. The participants were 885 families followed from pregnancy to late adolescence. This preregistered study used data at the children's ages of 1 year, 7 to 8 years, and 18 years. At each measurement point, maternal and paternal autonomy and intimacy were assessed with self- and partner reports using the Subjective Family Picture Test. At the age of 18 years, adolescents' reappraisal and suppression were assessed using the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire and rumination using the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire. Stage-specific effects were tested comparing structural equation models. Against our hypotheses, the results showed no effects of mothering or fathering in infancy, middle childhood, or late adolescence on adolescents' emotion regulation patterns. The results were consistent irrespective of both the reporter (i.e., self or partner) and the parental dimension (i.e., autonomy or intimacy). In addition to our main results, there were relatively low agreement between the parents in each other's parenting and descriptive discontinuity of parenting across time (i.e., configural measurement invariance). Overall, we found no support for the stage-specific effects of parent-reported parenting in infancy, middle childhood, or late adolescence on adolescents' emotion regulation. Instead, our findings might reflect the high developmental plasticity of emotion regulation from infancy to late adolescence.
Subject: emotion regulation
sensitive periods
attachment theory
evolutionary-developmental theory
adolescence
parenting
INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES
SELF-REPORT
ATTACHMENT
CHILDHOOD
MODELS
ASSOCIATION
MECHANISMS
ANXIETY
PERSPECTIVE
EXPERIENCES
515 Psychology
3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics
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