In-Feed Supplementation of Resin Acid-Enriched Composition Modulates Gut Microbiota, Improves Growth Performance, and Reduces Post-Weaning Diarrhea and Gut Inflammation in Piglets

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Uddin, Md Karim
dc.contributor.author Hasan, Shah
dc.contributor.author Mahmud, Md. Rayhan
dc.contributor.author Peltoniemi, Olli
dc.contributor.author Oliviero, Claudio
dc.date.accessioned 2021-09-09T13:38:46Z
dc.date.available 2021-09-09T13:38:46Z
dc.date.issued 2021-08-26
dc.identifier.citation Uddin, M.K.; Hasan, S.; Mahmud, M.R.; Peltoniemi, O.; Oliviero, C. In-Feed Supplementation of Resin Acid-Enriched Composition Modulates Gut Microbiota, Improves Growth Performance, and Reduces Post-Weaning Diarrhea and Gut Inflammation in Piglets. Animals 2021, 11, 2511.
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/334211
dc.description.abstract The weaning process represents a delicate phase for piglets, and is often characterized by lower feed intake, lower weight gain, diarrhea, and ultimately increased mortality. We aimed to determine the effects of RAC supplementation in diets on improving piglet growth and vitality, reducing post-weaning diarrhea, and enhancing gut health. In a 2 × 2 × 2 factorial experiment, we selected forty sows and their piglets. Piglets were followed until seven weeks of age. There were no significant differences found between RAC treated and control piglets until weaning (<i>p</i> = 0.26). However, three weeks after weaning, RAC treated piglets had higher body weight and average daily growth (ADG) than the control piglets (<i>p</i> = 0.003). In addition, the piglets that received RAC after weaning, irrespective of mother or prior creep feed treatment, had lower post-weaning diarrhea (PWD) and fecal myeloperoxidase (MPO) level than control piglets. Gut microbiota analysis in post-weaning piglets revealed that RAC supplementation significantly increased Lachnospiraceae_unclassified, <i>Blautia</i>, <i>Butyricicoccus</i>, <i>Gemmiger</i> and <i>Holdemanella</i>, and decreased Bacteroidales_unclassified. Overall, RAC supplementation to piglets modulated post-weaning gut microbiota, improved growth performance after weaning, reduced post-weaning diarrhea and reduced fecal myeloperoxidase levels. We therefore consider RAC to be a potential natural feed supplement to prevent enteric infections and improve growth performance in weaning piglets.
dc.publisher Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
dc.title In-Feed Supplementation of Resin Acid-Enriched Composition Modulates Gut Microbiota, Improves Growth Performance, and Reduces Post-Weaning Diarrhea and Gut Inflammation in Piglets
dc.date.updated 2021-09-09T13:38:47Z
dc.type.uri http://purl.org/eprint/entityType/JournalArticle
dc.type.uri http://purl.org/eprint/entityType/Expression
dc.type.uri http://purl.org/eprint/entityType/Expression

Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
animals-11-02511-v2.pdf 3.245Mb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record