Impact of Three Different Light Spectra on the Yield, Morphology and Growth Trajectory of Three Different Cannabis sativa L. Strains

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Reichel, P.; Munz, S.; Hartung, J.; Präger, A.; Kotiranta, S.; Burgel, L.; Schober, T.; Graeff-Hönninger, S. Impact of Three Different Light Spectra on the Yield, Morphology and Growth Trajectory of Three Different Cannabis sativa L. Strains. Plants 2021, 10, 1866.

Title: Impact of Three Different Light Spectra on the Yield, Morphology and Growth Trajectory of Three Different Cannabis sativa L. Strains
Author: Reichel, Philipp; Munz, Sebastian; Hartung, Jens; Präger, Achim; Kotiranta, Stiina; Burgel, Lisa; Schober, Torsten; Graeff-Hönninger, Simone
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Date: 2021-09-09
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/334227
Abstract: Cannabis is one of the oldest cultivated plants, but plant breeding and cultivation are restricted by country specific regulations. Plant growth, morphology and metabolism can be manipulated by changing light quality and intensity. Three morphologically different strains were grown under three different light spectra with three real light repetitions. Light dispersion was included into the statistical evaluation. The light spectra considered had an influence on the morphology of the plant, especially the height. Here, the shade avoidance induced by the lower R:FR ratio under the ceramic metal halide lamp (CHD) was of particular interest. The sugar leaves seemed to be of elementary importance in the last growth phase for yield composition. Furthermore, the last four weeks of flowering were crucial to influence the yield composition of <i>Cannabis sativa</i> L. through light spectra. The dry flower yield was significantly higher under both LED treatments compared to the conventional CHD light source. Our results indicate that the plant morphology can be artificially manipulated by the choice of light treatment to create shorter plants with more lateral branches which seem to be beneficial for yield development. Furthermore, the choice of cultivar has to be taken into account when interpreting results of light studies, as <i>Cannabis sativa</i> L. subspecies and thus bred strains highly differ in their phenotypic characteristics.


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