Do We Stand Together? The Role of Perceived Personal and Group Threats in Predicting the Majority's (Un)willingness to Confront Injustice on Behalf of a Minority

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Celikkol , G , Jasinskaja-Lahti , I , Renvik , T A , Vetik , R & Sam , D L 2021 , ' Do We Stand Together? The Role of Perceived Personal and Group Threats in Predicting the Majority's (Un)willingness to Confront Injustice on Behalf of a Minority ' , Frontiers in Psychology , vol. 12 , 694044 . https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.694044

Title: Do We Stand Together? The Role of Perceived Personal and Group Threats in Predicting the Majority's (Un)willingness to Confront Injustice on Behalf of a Minority
Author: Celikkol, Göksu; Jasinskaja-Lahti, Inga; Renvik, Tuuli Anna; Vetik, Raivo; Sam, David Lackland
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Social Psychology
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Inequality Initiative (INEQ)
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
Date: 2021-07-19
Language: eng
Number of pages: 14
Belongs to series: Frontiers in Psychology
ISSN: 1664-1078
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/334332
Abstract: Purpose: By utilizing data from Estonia, Finland, and Norway, this study explores how the perceptions of personal and group realistic threats, namely perceived ethnic discrimination and economic insecurity among national majorities, predict their unwillingness to confront injustice on behalf of Russian-speaking minority groups. Background: Previous research on collective action to promote minorities' rights and social standing has focused either on minorities' own actions or factors promoting the willingness of majority group members to engage in collective action on behalf of minorities. In contrast, factors explaining the reluctance of majority group members to engage in collective action on behalf of minority groups have remained less explored. For example, studies have then ignored that the majority members may also feel threatened and may be economically insecure. Furthermore, the possible discrepancy between perceived personal vs. in-group's situation may influence majority group members' (un)willingness to confront injustice on behalf of a minority group. Method: We employed polynomial regression with response surface analysis to analyze data gathered among national majority members in three countries (N = 1,341). Results: Perceived personal and group realistic threats were associated with heightened unwillingness to confront injustice on behalf of the Russian-speaking minority. Furthermore, participants were more unwilling to confront injustice when they perceived more group than personal threat. Conclusion: We found that majority group members' (un)willingness to confront injustice on behalf of the minority is related to how secure they perceive their own and their group status. Our results contribute to previous research by pointing out the important drawbacks of majorities' support for minorities' wish for social change.
Subject: realistic threats
group threats
perceived discrimination
economic insecurity
collective action
minority rights
RELATIVE DEPRIVATION THEORY
SOCIAL IDENTITY MODEL
COLLECTIVE ACTION
POLYNOMIAL REGRESSION
GROUP DISCRIMINATION
INTERGROUP CONTACT
ATTITUDES
IMMIGRANTS
GRATIFICATION
SOLIDARITY
5144 Social psychology
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