The Role of Post-Translational Acetylation and Deacetylation of Signaling Proteins and Transcription Factors after Cerebral Ischemia : Facts and Hypotheses

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Demyanenko , S & Sharifulina , S 2021 , ' The Role of Post-Translational Acetylation and Deacetylation of Signaling Proteins and Transcription Factors after Cerebral Ischemia : Facts and Hypotheses ' , International Journal of Molecular Sciences , vol. 22 , no. 15 , 7947 . https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22157947

Title: The Role of Post-Translational Acetylation and Deacetylation of Signaling Proteins and Transcription Factors after Cerebral Ischemia : Facts and Hypotheses
Author: Demyanenko, Svetlana; Sharifulina, Svetlana
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Neuroscience Center
Date: 2021-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 16
Belongs to series: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
ISSN: 1422-0067
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/334435
Abstract: Histone deacetylase (HDAC) and histone acetyltransferase (HAT) regulate transcription and the most important functions of cells by acetylating/deacetylating histones and non-histone proteins. These proteins are involved in cell survival and death, replication, DNA repair, the cell cycle, and cell responses to stress and aging. HDAC/HAT balance in cells affects gene expression and cell signaling. There are very few studies on the effects of stroke on non-histone protein acetylation/deacetylation in brain cells. HDAC inhibitors have been shown to be effective in protecting the brain from ischemic damage. However, the role of different HDAC isoforms in the survival and death of brain cells after stroke is still controversial. HAT/HDAC activity depends on the acetylation site and the acetylation/deacetylation of the main proteins (c-Myc, E2F1, p53, ERK1/2, Akt) considered in this review, that are involved in the regulation of cell fate decisions. Our review aims to analyze the possible role of the acetylation/deacetylation of transcription factors and signaling proteins involved in the regulation of survival and death in cerebral ischemia.
Subject: cerebral ischemia
histone acetylation
histone deacetylases
histone deacetylase inhibitors
non-histone proteins
C-MYC
HISTONE DEACETYLASES
BRAIN-DAMAGE
EXPERIMENTAL STROKE
NEURONAL APOPTOSIS
HDAC INHIBITORS
DOWN-REGULATION
DNA-DAMAGE
CELL-DEATH
P53
3111 Biomedicine
1182 Biochemistry, cell and molecular biology
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