Erasmus versus Luther : A Contemporary Analysis of the Debate on Free Will

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dc.contributor.author Visala, Aku
dc.contributor.author Vainio, Olli-Pekka
dc.date.accessioned 2021-09-17T22:28:41Z
dc.date.available 2021-12-17T22:45:32Z
dc.date.issued 2020-09
dc.identifier.citation Visala , A & Vainio , O-P 2020 , ' Erasmus versus Luther : A Contemporary Analysis of the Debate on Free Will ' , Neue Zeitschrift für systematische Theologie und Religionsphilosophie. , vol. 62 , no. 3 , pp. 311–335 . https://doi.org/10.1515/nzsth-2020-0016
dc.identifier.other PURE: 124893669
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: f01da047-65a5-48ff-8e02-f3eaa9665969
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-8692-804X/work/80944923
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0001-8823-2356/work/80946260
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000572547100003
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/334438
dc.description.abstract In this article, we will use contemporary analytic tools to make sense of the main arguments in the classic debate on free will between Erasmus of Rotterdam and the Reformer Martin Luther. Instead of offering another exegesis of these texts, we put forward an analysis that links this historical debate with contemporary discussions on free will and grace in philosophical theology. We argue that the debate was ultimately about how three theological core claims are related to one another: the Anti-Pelagian Constraint (humans are incapable of willing any good, in order to come to faith), the Responsibility Principle (humans are morally responsible in the eyes of God) and human free will. Erasmus attacks Luther by arguing that the Responsibility Principle cannot be maintained without free will, while Luther responds by arguing that Erasmus must reject free will, because it is in conflict with the Anti-Pelagian Constraint. Luther is then left with the dilemma of justifying the Responsibility Principle without free will – a task, which in our estimation, fails. In the concluding section of the article, we point out some continuities and discontinuities between the contemporary debate and that of Luther and Erasmus. en
dc.format.extent 25
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Neue Zeitschrift für systematische Theologie und Religionsphilosophie.
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject 614 Theology
dc.subject FREE WILL
dc.subject Grace
dc.subject Martin Luther
dc.subject Erasmus
dc.subject Free will
dc.subject responsibility
dc.subject Martin Luther
dc.subject Erasmus of Rotterdam
dc.title Erasmus versus Luther : A Contemporary Analysis of the Debate on Free Will en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Systematic Theology
dc.contributor.organization Mind and Matter
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1515/nzsth-2020-0016
dc.relation.issn 0028-3517
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version acceptedVersion

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