Longitudinal associations between specific symptoms of depression : Network analysis in a prospective cohort study

Show full item record



Permalink

http://hdl.handle.net/10138/334440

Citation

Savelieva , K , Komulainen , K , Elovainio , M & Jokela , M 2021 , ' Longitudinal associations between specific symptoms of depression : Network analysis in a prospective cohort study ' , Journal of Affective Disorders , vol. 278 , pp. 99-106 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.09.024

Title: Longitudinal associations between specific symptoms of depression : Network analysis in a prospective cohort study
Author: Savelieva, Kateryna; Komulainen, Kaisla; Elovainio, Marko; Jokela, Markus
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, SLEEPWELL Research Program
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics


Date: 2021-01-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Journal of Affective Disorders
ISSN: 0165-0327
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.09.024
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/334440
Abstract: Background: Network perspective to mental disorders suggests that depression develops due to interrelated associations between individual symptoms rather than due to a common cause. However, it is unclear whether long-term longitudinal associations between specific symptoms of depression demonstrate coherent patterns. We examined the temporal sequences and changes in depressive symptoms over time, and whether some symptoms are more central than others in inducing changes in the rest of the symptoms over time. We also compared the network structure of depressive symptoms between people who were and were not taking medication for depression or anxiety. Methods: Data were from the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe, with five follow-ups conducted between 2004 and 2017. Participants who had data on depressive symptoms from at least two study waves were analyzed (n = 72,971). Depressive symptoms were self-reported using the 12-item EURO-D scale. Results: All individual symptoms were longitudinally associated with each other. Changes in sad or depressed mood, diminished interest, and suicidal ideation were the most strongly associated with changes in other symptoms. There were no consistent differences in symptom associations between individuals taking versus not taking psychotropic medication. Limitations: Depressive symptoms were self-reported and measured every two years, which may dilute some short-term temporal sequences of the symptoms. Conclusions: Our findings demonstrate differences between depressive symptoms in their long-term associations with other depressive symptoms in the general population. Changes in sad or depressed mood, diminished interest, and suicidal ideation have the strongest associations with changes in the rest of the symptoms.
Subject: 515 Psychology
Rights:


Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
Savelieva_et_al_Longitudinal_associations_AAM.pdf 374.0Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record