Black carbon emissions from flaring in Russia in the period 2012-2017

Show simple item record Böttcher, Kristin Paunu, Ville-Veikko Kupiainen, Kaarle Zhizhin, Mikhail Matveev, Alexey Savolahti, Mikko Savolahti, Mikko Klimont, Zbigniew Väätäinen, Sampsa Lamberg, Heikki Karvosenoja, Niko 2021-09-22T07:55:25Z 2021-09-22T07:55:25Z 2021
dc.identifier.citation Kristin Böttcher, Ville-Veikko Paunu, Kaarle Kupiainen, Mikhail Zhizhin, Alexey Matveev, Mikko Savolahti, Zbigniew Klimont, Sampsa Väätäinen, Heikki Lamberg, Niko Karvosenoja. Black carbon emissions from flaring in Russia in the period 2012–2017. Atmospheric Environment 254 (2021), 118390, ISSN 1352-2310. fi
dc.identifier.issn 1352-2310
dc.description Highlights • New estimate for black carbon emissions from flaring in Russia. • Enhanced temporal profiles of flared gas volume from VIIRS. • Oil and gas field-type specific emission factors developed. • Average BC emissions from 2012 to 2017 are estimated at 68.3 Gg/year. fi
dc.description.abstract Gas flaring in the oil and gas industry has been identified as an important source of anthropogenic black carbon (BC) affecting the climate, particularly in the Arctic. Our study provides spatially-explicit estimates of BC emissions from flaring in Russia utilising state-of-the-art methodology for determining the emission factors. We utilised satellite time series of the flared gas volume from Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) for the period 2012 to 2017, supplemented with information on the gas and oil field type. BC emissions at flaring locations were calculated based on field type-specific emission factors, taking into account different gas compositions in each field type. We estimate that the average annual BC emissions from flaring in Russia were 68.3 Gg/year, with the largest proportion stemming from oil fields (82%). We observed a decrease in the yearly emissions during the period 2012 to 2017 with regional differences in the trend. Our results highlight the importance of detailed information on gas composition and the stage of oil and gas separation of the flared gas to reduce uncertainties in the BC emission estimates. fi
dc.language.iso en fi
dc.publisher Elsevier fi
dc.relation.ispartofseries Atmospheric Environment 254 (2021), 118390 fi
dc.rights CC BY 4.0
dc.subject black carbon fi
dc.subject emissions fi
dc.subject gas flaring fi
dc.subject Russia fi
dc.subject Visible infrared imaging radiometer suite (VIIRS) fi
dc.title Black carbon emissions from flaring in Russia in the period 2012-2017 fi
dc.type Article fi
dc.identifier.laitoskoodi Suomen ympäristökeskus fi
dc.subject.ysa hiili fi
dc.subject.ysa noki fi
dc.subject.ysa ilmansuojelu fi
dc.subject.ysa palaminen fi
dc.subject.ysa kaasut fi
dc.subject.ysa kaasuntuotanto fi
dc.subject.ysa Venäjä fi
dc.subject.ysa päästöt fi
dc.subject.ysa öljyteollisuus fi

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