Actionality and aspect in Southern Ndebele and Xhosa, two Nguni languages of South Africa

Show simple item record Crane, Thera Marie Persohn, Bastian 2021-09-24T08:14:02Z 2021-09-24T08:14:02Z 2021-09-18
dc.identifier.citation Crane , T M & Persohn , B 2021 , ' Actionality and aspect in Southern Ndebele and Xhosa, two Nguni languages of South Africa ' , Studies in African Linguistics , vol. 50 , no. 2 , pp. 227-284 .
dc.identifier.other PURE: 95184447
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: d743b3a2-1e03-4f8a-bafd-b80e319c75d7
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0003-2142-960X/work/100505043
dc.description.abstract This paper presents some key findings of studies of actionality and the verbal grammar–lexicon interface in two Nguni Bantu languages of South Africa, Xhosa and Southern Ndebele. We describe interactions between grammatical tense marking (and other sentential bounding elements) and lexical verb types, arguing for the salience of inchoative verbs, which lexically encode a resultant state, and, in particular, a sub-class of inchoative verbs, two-phase verbs, which encode both a resultant state and the “coming-to-be” phase leading up to that state. We further discuss other important features of actional classes in Xhosa and Southern Ndebele, including topics such as the role of participant structure and the relative importance of cross-linguistically prominent distinctions such as that between Vendlerian activities and accomplishments. Although differences between Xhosa and Southern Ndebele are evident both in the behaviour of individual tense-aspect forms and in the interpretive possibilities of specific verbs, the general patterns are quite similar. This similarity suggests that the patterns are likely to extend to other Nguni languages, as well, and that cross-linguistic comparison of particular lexical items across these languages are both feasible and likely to bear fruit. en
dc.format.extent 58
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Studies in African Linguistics
dc.rights cc_by_nc
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject 6121 Languages
dc.title Actionality and aspect in Southern Ndebele and Xhosa, two Nguni languages of South Africa en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization African and Middle Eastern languages
dc.contributor.organization Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
dc.contributor.organization Department of Languages
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.issn 0039-3533
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion
dc.relation.funder Academy of Finland

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