Consciousness and Moral Responsibility : Skeptical Challenges and Theological Reflections

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Visala , A 2021 , ' Consciousness and Moral Responsibility : Skeptical Challenges and Theological Reflections ' , Zygon , vol. 56 , no. 3 , pp. 641-665 . https://doi.org/10.1111/zygo.12694

Title: Consciousness and Moral Responsibility : Skeptical Challenges and Theological Reflections
Author: Visala, Aku
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Faculty of Theology


Date: 2021
Language: eng
Number of pages: 25
Belongs to series: Zygon
ISSN: 0591-2385
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/zygo.12694
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/334786
Abstract: Some philosophers and scientists have argued that we humans cannot be held morally responsible for anything. Invoking results of the neurosciences and the cognitive sciences, they argue that humans lack the kind of conscious control and awareness required for moral responsibility. For theological ethics and Christian theology as a whole, moral responsibility is indispensable. I will begin by outlining some empirical results that are invoked in support of moral responsibility skepticism. I will, then, examine the subsequent discussion and the question why conscious awareness is central to moral responsibility. Consciousness contributes to morally relevant control over action in multiple ways. I will briefly examine some accounts of conscious control that are resistant to the skeptical challenge. Although the empirical results might lead us to revise the degree and range of conscious control, there seems to be enough of it to ground many everyday practices of responsibility. I will conclude the article with some theological reflections.
Subject: 611 Philosophy
Free will
Consciousness
Moral responsibility
skepticism
614 Theology
Moral responsibility
Free will
Consciousness
compatibilism
cognitive science
consciousness
free will
moral responsibility
neuroscience
psychology
self
ACCESS
MODEL
WILL
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