Ozone responses in Arabidopsis : beyond stomatal conductance

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Morales , L O , Shapiguzov , A , Safronov , O , Leppälä , J , Vaahtera , L , Yarmolinsky , D , Kollist , H & Brosche , M 2021 , ' Ozone responses in Arabidopsis : beyond stomatal conductance ' , Plant Physiology , vol. 186 , no. 1 , pp. 180-192 . https://doi.org/10.1093/plphys/kiab097

Title: Ozone responses in Arabidopsis : beyond stomatal conductance
Author: Morales, Luis O.; Shapiguzov, Alexey; Safronov, Omid; Leppälä, Johanna; Vaahtera, Lauri; Yarmolinsky, Dmitry; Kollist, Hannes; Brosche, Mikael
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme
University of Helsinki, Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme
University of Helsinki, Molecular and Integrative Biosciences Research Programme
University of Helsinki, Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme
University of Helsinki, Plant Biology
University of Helsinki, Plant Biology
University of Helsinki, Viikki Plant Science Centre (ViPS)







Date: 2021-05
Language: eng
Number of pages: 13
Belongs to series: Plant Physiology
ISSN: 0032-0889
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/plphys/kiab097
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/334916
Abstract: Tropospheric ozone (O-3) is a major air pollutant that decreases yield of important crops worldwide. Despite long-lasting research of its negative effects on plants, there are many gaps in our knowledge on how plants respond to O-3. In this study, we used natural variation in the model plant Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) to characterize molecular and physiological mechanisms underlying O-3 sensitivity. A key parameter in models for O-3 damage is stomatal uptake. Here we show that the extent of O-3 damage in the sensitive Arabidopsis accession Shahdara (Sha) does not correspond with O-3 uptake, pointing toward stomata-independent mechanisms for the development of O-3 damage. We compared tolerant (Col-0) versus sensitive accessions (Sha, Cvi-0) in assays related to photosynthesis, cell death, antioxidants, and transcriptional regulation. Acute O-3 exposure increased cell death, development of lesions in the leaves, and decreased photosynthesis in sensitive accessions. In both Sha and Cvi-0, O-3-induced lesions were associated with decreased maximal chlorophyll fluorescence and low quantum yield of electron transfer from Photosystem II to plastoquinone. However, O-3-induced repression of photosynthesis in these two O-3-sensitive accessions developed in different ways. We demonstrate that O-3 sensitivity in Arabidopsis is influenced by genetic diversity given that Sha and Cvi-0 developed accession-specific transcriptional responses to O-3. Our findings advance the understanding of plant responses to O-3 and set a framework for future studies to characterize molecular and physiological mechanisms allowing plants to respond to high O-3 levels in the atmosphere as a result of high air pollution and climate change.
Subject: GENE-EXPRESSION
THALIANA ACCESSIONS
OXIDATIVE BURST
ABIOTIC STRESS
CELL-DEATH
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
ROLES
TRANSCRIPTOME
FLUORESCENCE
SENSITIVITY
11831 Plant biology
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