Perineuronal Net Receptor PTP sigma Regulates Retention of Memories

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Lesnikova , A , Casarotto , P , Moliner , R , Fred , S M , Biojone , C & Castren , E 2021 , ' Perineuronal Net Receptor PTP sigma Regulates Retention of Memories ' , Frontiers in Synaptic Neuroscience , vol. 13 , 672475 . https://doi.org/10.3389/fnsyn.2021.672475

Title: Perineuronal Net Receptor PTP sigma Regulates Retention of Memories
Author: Lesnikova, Angelina; Casarotto, Plinio; Moliner, Rafael; Fred, Senem Merve; Biojone, Caroline; Castren, Eero
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Neuroscience Center
University of Helsinki, Neuroscience Center
University of Helsinki, Neuroscience Center
University of Helsinki, Neuroscience Center
University of Helsinki, Neuroscience Center
University of Helsinki, Neuroscience Center

Date: 2021-07-22
Language: eng
Number of pages: 13
Belongs to series: Frontiers in Synaptic Neuroscience
ISSN: 1663-3563
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fnsyn.2021.672475
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/335163
Abstract: Perineuronal nets (PNNs) have an important physiological role in the retention of learning by restricting cognitive flexibility. Their deposition peaks after developmental periods of intensive learning, usually in late childhood, and they help in long-term preservation of newly acquired skills and information. Modulation of PNN function by various techniques enhances plasticity and regulates the retention of memories, which may be beneficial when memory persistence entails negative symptoms such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In this study, we investigated the role of PTP sigma [receptor-type tyrosine-protein phosphatase S, a phosphatase that is activated by binding of chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) from PNNs] in retention of memories using Novel Object Recognition and Fear Conditioning models. We observed that mice haploinsufficient for PTPRS gene (PTP sigma(+/-)), although having improved short-term object recognition memory, display impaired long-term memory in both Novel Object Recognition and Fear Conditioning paradigm, as compared to WT littermates. However, PTP sigma(+/-) mice did not show any differences in behavioral tests that do not heavily rely on cognitive flexibility, such as Elevated Plus Maze, Open Field, Marble Burying, and Forced Swimming Test. Since PTP sigma has been shown to interact with and dephosphorylate TRKB, we investigated activation of this receptor and its downstream pathways in limbic areas known to be associated with memory. We found that phosphorylation of TRKB and PLC gamma are increased in the hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, and amygdaloid complex of PTP sigma(+/-) mice, but other TRKB-mediated signaling pathways are not affected. Our data suggest that PTP sigma downregulation promotes TRKB phosphorylation in different brain areas, improves short-term memory performance but disrupts long-term memory retention in the tested animal models. Inhibition of PTP sigma or disruption of PNN-PTP sigma-TRKB complex might be a potential target for disorders where negative modulation of the acquired memories can be beneficial.
Subject: memory
perineuronal nets
plasticity
PNNs
PTPRS
BDNF
Ntrk2
TrkB
PREFRONTAL CORTEX IMPAIRS
FEAR EXTINCTION
EXTRACELLULAR-MATRIX
ANTIDEPRESSANT DRUGS
NMDA RECEPTORS
MICE LACKING
TRKB
NEURONS
HIPPOCAMPUS
3112 Neurosciences
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