Kuka pelkää, ketä pelottaa : Nykysuomen tunneverbien kielioppia ja semantiikkaa

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dc.contributor.author Siiroinen, Mari
dc.date.accessioned 2021-10-20T13:27:32Z
dc.date.available 2021-10-11
dc.date.available 2021-10-20T13:27:32Z
dc.date.issued 2001
dc.identifier.uri URN:ISBN:978-951-51-5045-5
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/335493
dc.description.abstract On the syntax and semantics of emotive verbs in present-day Finnish Mari Siiroinen, University of Helsinki (FIN) The thesis deals with the syntax and semantics of emotive verbs in presentday Finnish. In particular, it discusses 198 central emotive verbs. The theoretical framework is that of cognitive linguistics (Langacker, Lakoff). The discussion of verb semantics and syntactic behaviour of verbs owes much to the ideas of William Croft. The thesis is divided into two sections; the first section discusses emotive verbs as lexemes, and the second section examines the usage of selected verbs based on the evidence from machine-readable Finnish text corpora. It is found that Finnish emotive verbs should be classified into four syntactic- semantic types: inchoative verbs, activity verbs, stative verbs and causative verbs. Causative verbs are further subcategorized into those used in the transitive construction and those used in the emotive causative construction. Morphologically, causative verbs are derived from nouns, directly or via inchoative verbs. The emotive causative construction has the special feature of an experiencer argument that is syntactically in between subject and object. In the detailed discussion of the usage of the verbs pelätä (‘fear’) and pelottaa (‘be afraid’) it is noted that pelätä often occurs without an object or with a complement object, while pelottaa has both normal causative usage and emotive causative usage. Journalistic language seems to favour the causative usage of pelottaa, while emotive causative usage is more frequent in literary style. It is found that the factors influencing the choice of pelätä or pelottaa, or intransitive or transitive verb of astonishment, include discourse topic, empathy and vantage-point. The chosen verb will be the one that will take the discourse topic as the subject. An interesting exception is pelottaa, which is used in the emotive causative construction when the discourse topic is the referent who experiences the emotion, whose vantage-point is used and to whom empathy is felt. This is typical when the experiencer is 1st person, or even 3rd person in free indirect style in literary texts. en
dc.description.abstract - fi
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso fin
dc.publisher Helsingin yliopisto fi
dc.publisher Helsingfors universitet sv
dc.publisher University of Helsinki en
dc.relation.isformatof URN:ISBN:951-746-315-4
dc.relation.isformatof Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura, 2001, Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seuran toimituksia. 0355-1768
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dc.rights This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for Your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited. en
dc.rights Publikationen är skyddad av upphovsrätten. Den får läsas och skrivas ut för personligt bruk. Användning i kommersiellt syfte är förbjuden. sv
dc.title Kuka pelkää, ketä pelottaa : Nykysuomen tunneverbien kielioppia ja semantiikkaa fi
dc.type.ontasot Doctoral dissertation (monograph) en
dc.type.ontasot Monografiaväitöskirja fi
dc.type.ontasot Monografiavhandling sv
dc.opn lib, lib
dc.type.dcmitype Text
dc.contributor.organization University of Helsinki, Faculty of Arts en
dc.contributor.organization Doctoral Programme in Language Studies en
dc.contributor.organization Helsingin yliopisto, humanistinen tiedekunta, Suomen kielen laitos fi
dc.contributor.organization Kielentutkimuksen tohtoriohjelma fi
dc.contributor.organization Helsingfors universitet, humanistiska fakulteten sv
dc.contributor.organization Doktorandprogrammet i språkforskning sv
dc.type.okm 6121 Kielitieteet fi
dc.type.okm 6121 Språkvetenskaper sv
dc.type.okm 6121 Languages en
dc.type.publication doctoralThesis

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