How do rural second homes affect human health and well-being? : Review of potential impacts

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dc.contributor.author Pitkänen, Kati
dc.contributor.author Lehtimäki, Jenni
dc.contributor.author Puhakka, Riikka
dc.date.accessioned 2021-10-25T11:14:15Z
dc.date.available 2021-10-25T11:14:15Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Pitkänen K, Lehtimäki J, Puhakka R. How do Rural Second Homes Affect Human Health and Well-being? Review of Potential Impacts. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(18):6748. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186748 fi
dc.identifier.issn 1661-7827
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/335641
dc.description.abstract Contact with nature is associated with numerous psychological, physiological and social health and well-being benefits. Outdoor recreation, such as rural second home tourism, provides extensive exposure to the natural environment, but research around health impacts of this exposure is scattered. We review current research on health and well-being impacts of nature and discuss how the characteristics of rural second home environments and their use and users can affect these potential impacts in Finland. We discover four key issues affecting the impacts. First, health and well-being impacts depend on the users; urban people can especially benefit from rural second homes, while child development and the performance of elderly people can also be supported by contact with nature at second homes. Second, the regularity, length and season of second home visits influence the potential to receive benefits as they have an impact on the intensity of nature exposure. Third, the type and quality of second home environment affect contact with nature, such as exposure to health-supporting environmental microbes. Fourth, practices, motives and meanings modify activities and attachment and crucially affect both physical and mental well-being. We conclude that rural second homes have extensive potential to provide nature-related health and well-being benefits and further research is needed. fi
dc.language.iso en fi
dc.publisher MDPI fi
dc.relation.ispartofseries International Journal Environmental Research Public Health 17 18 (2020) fi
dc.rights CC BY 4.0
dc.subject second home fi
dc.subject cottage fi
dc.subject outdoor recreation fi
dc.subject nature fi
dc.subject well-being fi
dc.subject health fi
dc.subject rural areas fi
dc.title How do rural second homes affect human health and well-being? : Review of potential impacts fi
dc.type Article fi
dc.identifier.laitoskoodi Suomen ympäristökeskus fi
dc.subject.ysa toinen koti fi
dc.subject.ysa mökki fi
dc.subject.ysa ulkoilu fi
dc.subject.ysa luonto fi
dc.subject.ysa hyvinvointi fi
dc.subject.ysa terveys fi
dc.subject.ysa maaseutualueet fi
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186748

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