Sleep improvement intervention and its effect on patients' sleep on the ward

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/335645

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Ritmala-Castren , M , Salantera , S , Holm , A , Heino , M , Lundgren-Laine , H & Koivunen , M 2021 , ' Sleep improvement intervention and its effect on patients' sleep on the ward ' , Journal of Clinical Nursing . https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15906

Title: Sleep improvement intervention and its effect on patients' sleep on the ward
Author: Ritmala-Castren, M; Salantera, S; Holm, A; Heino, M; Lundgren-Laine, H; Koivunen, M
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Diagnostics and Therapeutics
Date: 2021-06
Language: eng
Belongs to series: Journal of Clinical Nursing
ISSN: 0962-1067
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/335645
Abstract: Aim and objective The aim of the study was to investigate how the sleep improvement interventions developed for the wards were associated with patients' sleep. The objective was to promote patients' sleep. Background The quality of sleep is vital for patients' health and recovery from illness. However, patients generally sleep poorly during hospitalisation. Sleep-disturbing factors are connected to the hospital environment, patients' physical illness, emotional state and the activities of the staff. Many sleep-disturbing factors can be influenced by appropriate nursing interventions. Design A two-group intervention study including the development of nursing interventions aimed at supporting patients' sleep. One group received a sleep promotion intervention and the other received standard care. Both groups evaluated their sleep in the morning. Methods A survey of participants' sleep evaluations was collected with the five-item Richards-Campbell Sleep Questionnaire. The data were analysed statistically. The STROBE checklist was used to report the study. Results From the participants' perspective, sleep was better in the intervention group, even though statistically significantly only among men. The pain intensity correlated with sleep quality. The number of patients in the room or whether participants had had an operation had no effect on their sleep evaluations. Conclusions Interventions targeted at supporting and promoting the sleep quality of hospital inpatients may be effective. They should be developed in collaboration with patients and nurses. Several nursing interventions can be proposed to promote better sleep among patients; however, more research is needed to confirm the results. Sleep promotion should include both standardised protocols and individualised sleep support. Relevance to clinical practice Investing in nursing interventions to promote patients' sleep is important. Patients' individual sleep-related needs should be part of their care plan. Training programmes that support nurses' knowledge and skills of patients' sleep promotion should be part of nursing education in healthcare organisations.
Subject: hospital patients
intervention
sleep
sleep promotion
sleep quality
two-group design
INTENSIVE-CARE
QUALITY
HEALTH
NURSES
MOOD
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
3141 Health care science
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