Newborn Neurobehavior Is Related to Later Neurodevelopment and Social Cognition Skills in Extremely Preterm-Born Children : A Prospective Longitudinal Cohort Study

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Aho , L , Metsäranta , M , Lönnberg , P , Wolford , E & Lano , A 2021 , ' Newborn Neurobehavior Is Related to Later Neurodevelopment and Social Cognition Skills in Extremely Preterm-Born Children : A Prospective Longitudinal Cohort Study ' , Frontiers in Psychology , vol. 12 , 710430 . https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.710430

Title: Newborn Neurobehavior Is Related to Later Neurodevelopment and Social Cognition Skills in Extremely Preterm-Born Children : A Prospective Longitudinal Cohort Study
Author: Aho, Leena; Metsäranta, Marjo; Lönnberg, Piia; Wolford, Elina; Lano, Aulikki
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, HUS Medical Imaging Center
University of Helsinki, HUS Children and Adolescents
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, HUS Medical Imaging Center




Date: 2021-09-06
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Frontiers in Psychology
ISSN: 1664-1078
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.710430
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/335654
Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of the neonatal neurobehavioral characteristics to act as an indicator for later neurodevelopment and neurocognitive performance. Methods: Sixty-six infants born extremely preterm ( Results: An optimal auditory orientation at term age was associated with better developmental quotients (DQ) in Personal-Social, and Hearing-Language GMDS subscale at 2 years (p < 0.05). An optimal visual alertness was associated with better Total (p < 0.01), Locomotor (p < 0.001), and Eye-Hand Coordination (p < 0.01) DQs at 2 years, and with sensorimotor function (p < 0.001) and social perception (p < 0.01) tests at 6.5 years. Conclusion: The neurobehavioral characteristics of newborns might serve as a precursor of social cognition skills and the HNNE behavior subscale offers a tool to identify infants at risk for later deficits in neurodevelopment and social cognition.
Subject: alertness
preterm birth
neonatal orientation
neurodevelopment
social cognition
visuomotor
LOW-BIRTH-WEIGHT
WHITE-MATTER
INFANT
BRAIN
PERCEPTION
MECHANISMS
IMITATION
515 Psychology
3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics
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