Predictability and prefab status : the case of adjective + noun sequences in English

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Bybee , J & Napoleão de Souza , R 2021 , Predictability and prefab status : the case of adjective + noun sequences in English . in A Trklja & Ł Grabowski (eds) , Formulaic Language : Theory and Methods . Phraseology and Multiword Expressions , no. 5 , Language Sciences Press , Berlin , pp. 3-30 . https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4727661

Title: Predictability and prefab status : the case of adjective + noun sequences in English
Author: Bybee, Joan; Napoleão de Souza, Ricardo
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Languages
Trklja, Aleksandar
Grabowski, Łukasz

Publisher: Language Sciences Press
Date: 2021
Language: eng
Number of pages: 28
Belongs to series: Formulaic Language Theory and Methods
Belongs to series: Phraseology and Multiword Expressions
ISBN: 978-3-98554-006-8
978-3-96110-310-2
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4727661
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/335656
Abstract: The main arguments of the chapter are that frequency or predictability effects are most appropriately applied within constructions, and that prefab status can lead to phonetic effects independently of frequency. The analysis uses tokens of adjective-noun sequences taken from conversational corpora. Study 1 applies diagnostics for conventionalization to establish prefab vs. free combination status in 239 bigrams. As expected from previous research, the criterion of non-compositional meaning gives clear results, while the criterion of fixedness runs into difficulties, especially as clusters of related prefabs are revealed. Study 2 examines the effect of prefab status vs. the effect of bigram frequency on the duration of the vowel in the adjective. Both prefab status and high bigram frequency lead to a shorter vowel, though the effect is not statistically significant.
Subject: 6121 Languages
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