Intronic variant in POU1F1 associated with canine pituitary dwarfism

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Kyöstilä , K , Niskanen , J E , Arumilli , M , Donner , J , Hytönen , M K & Lohi , H 2021 , ' Intronic variant in POU1F1 associated with canine pituitary dwarfism ' , Human Genetics , vol. 140 , pp. 1553-1562 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s00439-021-02259-2

Title: Intronic variant in POU1F1 associated with canine pituitary dwarfism
Author: Kyöstilä, Kaisa; Niskanen, Julia E.; Arumilli, Meharji; Donner, Jonas; Hytönen, Marjo K.; Lohi, Hannes
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Medical and Clinical Genetics
University of Helsinki, Hannes Tapani Lohi / Principal Investigator
University of Helsinki, Department of Medical and Clinical Genetics
University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, Helsinki One Health (HOH)
Date: 2021-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Human Genetics
ISSN: 0340-6717
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/335669
Abstract: The anterior pituitary gland secretes several endocrine hormones, essential for growth, reproduction and other basic physiological functions. Abnormal development or function of the pituitary gland leads to isolated or combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD). At least 30 genes have been associated with human CPHD, including many transcription factors, such as POU1F1. CPHD occurs spontaneously also in mice and dogs. Two affected breeds have been reported in dogs: German Shepherds with a splice defect in the LHX3 gene and Karelian Bear Dogs (KBD) with an unknown genetic cause. We obtained samples from five KBDs presenting dwarfism and abnormal coats. A combined analysis of genome-wide association and next-generation sequencing mapped the disease to a region in chromosome 31 and identified a homozygous intronic variant in the fourth exon of the POU1F1 gene in the affected dogs. The identified variant, c.605-3C>A, resided in the splice region and was predicted to affect splicing. The variant's screening in three new prospective cases, related breeds, and similar to 8000 dogs from 207 breeds indicated complete segregation in KBDs with a carrier frequency of 8%, and high breed-specificity as carriers were found at a low frequency only in Lapponian Herders, a related breed. Our study establishes a novel canine model for CPHD with a candidate POU1F1 defect.
Subject: 1184 Genetics, developmental biology, physiology
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