The dynamism of transposon methylation for plant development and stress adaptation

Show simple item record Ramakrishnan, Muthusamy Satish, Lakkakula Kalendar, Ruslan Mathiyazhagan, Narayanan Sabariswaran, Kandasamy Sharma, Anket Emamverdian, Abolghassem Wei, Qiang Zhou, Mingbing 2021-10-27T11:23:01Z 2021-10-27T11:23:01Z 2021-11
dc.identifier.citation Ramakrishnan , M , Satish , L , Kalendar , R , Mathiyazhagan , N , Sabariswaran , K , Sharma , A , Emamverdian , A , Wei , Q & Zhou , M 2021 , ' The dynamism of transposon methylation for plant development and stress adaptation ' , International Journal of Molecular Sciences , vol. 22 , no. 21 , 11387 .
dc.identifier.other PURE: 169474282
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 096ee293-7506-4905-bc3b-98bf24b17c4e
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0003-3986-2460/work/102174473
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000723249800001
dc.description.abstract Plant development processes are regulated by epigenetic alterations that shape nuclear structure, gene expression, and phenotypic plasticity; these alterations can provide the plant with protection from environmental stresses. During plant growth and development, these processes play a significant role in regulating gene expression to remodel chromatin structure. These epigenetic alterations are mainly regulated by transposable elements (TEs) whose abundance in plant genomes results in their interaction with genomes. Thus, TEs are the main source of epigenetic changes and form a substantial part of the plant genome. Furthermore, TEs can be activated under stress conditions, and activated elements cause mutagenic effects and substantial genetic variability. This introduces novel gene functions and structural variation in the insertion sites and primarily contributes to epigenetic modifications. Altogether, these modifications indirectly or directly provide the ability to withstand environmental stresses. In recent years, many studies have shown that TE methylation plays a major role in the evolution of the plant genome through epigenetic process that regulate gene imprinting, thereby upholding genome stability. The induced genetic rearrangements and insertions of mobile genetic elements in regions of active euchromatin contribute to genome alteration, leading to genomic stress. These TE-mediated epigenetic modifications lead to phenotypic diversity, genetic variation, and environmental stress tolerance. Thus, TE methylation is essential for plant evolution and stress adaptation, and TEs hold a relevant military position in the plant genome. High-throughput techniques have greatly advanced the understanding of TE-mediated gene expression and its associations with genome methylation and suggest that controlled mobilization of TEs could be used for crop breeding. However, development application in this area has been limited, and an integrated view of TE function and subsequent processes is lacking. In this review, we explore the enormous diversity and likely functions of the TE repertoire in adaptive evolution and discuss some recent examples of how TEs impact gene expression in plant development and stress adaptation. en
dc.format.extent 40
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof International Journal of Molecular Sciences
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject 11831 Plant biology
dc.subject epigenetics
dc.subject transposable elements
dc.subject retrotransposon
dc.subject gene regulation
dc.subject TE methylation
dc.subject measurement of TEs
dc.subject TE machine learning tool
dc.subject plant stress tolerance
dc.subject non-coding RNAs
dc.subject HEAT-STRESS
dc.title The dynamism of transposon methylation for plant development and stress adaptation en
dc.type Review Article
dc.contributor.organization Institute of Biotechnology
dc.contributor.organization Crop Science Research Group
dc.contributor.organization Department of Agricultural Sciences
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.issn 1422-0067
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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