Metabolic gene regulation by Drosophila GATA transcription factor Grain

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Kokki , K , Lamichane , N , Nieminen , A I , Ruhanen , H , Morikka , J , Robciuc , M , Rovenko , B M , Havula , E , Käkelä , R & Hietakangas , V 2021 , ' Metabolic gene regulation by Drosophila GATA transcription factor Grain ' , PLoS Genetics , vol. 17 , no. 10 , 1009855 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1009855

Title: Metabolic gene regulation by Drosophila GATA transcription factor Grain
Author: Kokki, Krista; Lamichane, Nicole; Nieminen, Anni I.; Ruhanen, Hanna; Morikka, Jack; Robciuc, Marius; Rovenko, Bohdana M.; Havula, Essi; Käkelä, Reijo; Hietakangas, Ville
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Molecular and Integrative Biosciences Research Programme
University of Helsinki, Molecular and Integrative Biosciences Research Programme
University of Helsinki, Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland
University of Helsinki, Molecular and Integrative Biosciences Research Programme
University of Helsinki, Molecular and Integrative Biosciences Research Programme
University of Helsinki, Molecular and Integrative Biosciences Research Programme
University of Helsinki, Molecular and Integrative Biosciences Research Programme
University of Helsinki, STEMM - Stem Cells and Metabolism Research Program
University of Helsinki, Molecular and Integrative Biosciences Research Programme
University of Helsinki, Molecular and Integrative Biosciences Research Programme
Date: 2021-10
Language: eng
Number of pages: 28
Belongs to series: PLoS Genetics
ISSN: 1553-7404
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/335759
Abstract: Nutrient-dependent gene regulation critically contributes to homeostatic control of animal physiology in changing nutrient landscape. In Drosophila, dietary sugars activate transcription factors (TFs), such as Mondo-Mlx, Sugarbabe and Cabut, which control metabolic gene expression to mediate physiological adaptation to high sugar diet. TFs that correspondingly control sugar responsive metabolic genes under conditions of low dietary sugar remain, however, poorly understood. Here we identify a role for Drosophila GATA TF Grain in metabolic gene regulation under both low and high sugar conditions. De novo motif prediction uncovered a significant over-representation of GATA-like motifs on the promoters of sugar-activated genes in Drosophila larvae, which are regulated by Grain, the fly ortholog of GATA1/2/3 subfamily. grain expression is activated by sugar in Mondo-Mlx-dependent manner and it contributes to sugar-responsive gene expression in the fat body. On the other hand, grain displays strong constitutive expression in the anterior midgut, where it drives lipogenic gene expression also under low sugar conditions. Consistently with these differential tissue-specific roles, Grain deficient larvae display delayed development on high sugar diet, while showing deregulated central carbon and lipid metabolism primarily on low sugar diet. Collectively, our study provides evidence for the role of a metazoan GATA transcription factor in nutrient-responsive metabolic gene regulation in vivo.
Subject: ENERGY-METABOLISM
SEQ
EXPRESSION
GROWTH
DISCOVERY
DATABASE
LIFE
MASS
1184 Genetics, developmental biology, physiology
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