Pre-hospital suPAR, lactate and CRP measurements for decision-making : a prospective, observational study of patients presenting non-specific complaints

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Jousi , M , Mäkinen , M , Kaartinen , J , Meriläinen , L & Castrén , M 2021 , ' Pre-hospital suPAR, lactate and CRP measurements for decision-making : a prospective, observational study of patients presenting non-specific complaints ' , Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine , vol. 29 , no. 1 , 150 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s13049-021-00964-5

Title: Pre-hospital suPAR, lactate and CRP measurements for decision-making : a prospective, observational study of patients presenting non-specific complaints
Author: Jousi, Milla; Mäkinen, Marja; Kaartinen, Johanna; Meriläinen, Leena; Castrén, Maaret
Contributor: University of Helsinki, HUS Emergency Medicine and Services
University of Helsinki, HUS Emergency Medicine and Services
University of Helsinki, HUS Emergency Medicine and Services
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2021-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
ISSN: 1757-7241
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/335766
Abstract: Background: In the pre-hospital setting, non-urgent patients with non-specific chief complaints pose assessment challenges for the emergency medical systems (EMS). Severely ill patients should be identified among these patients, and unnecessary transport to the emergency department (ED) should be avoided. Unnecessary admissions burden EDs, deplete EMS resources and can even be harmful to patients, especially elderly patients. Therefore, tools for facilitating pre-hospital decision-making are needed. They could be based on vital signs or point-of-care laboratory biomarkers. In this study, we examined whether the biomarker soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR), either alone or combined with C-reactive protein (CRP) and/or lactate, could predict discharge from the ED and act as a pre-hospital support tool for non-conveyance decision-making. Methods: This was a prospective, observational study of adult patients with normal or near-normal vital signs transported by an EMS to an ED with a code referring to deteriorated general condition. The levels of suPAR, CRP and lactate in the patients’ pre-hospital blood samples were analysed. The values of hospitalized patients were compared to those of discharged patients to determine whether these biomarkers could predict direct discharge from the ED. Results: A total of 109 patients (median age: 81 years) were included in the study. Of those, 52% were hospitalized and 48% were discharged from the ED. No statistically significant association was found between suPAR and the ED discharge vs hospitalization outcome (OR: 1.04, 95% CI 0.97–1.13, AUROC: 0.58, 95% CI 0.47–0.69). Adding CRP (AUROC: 0.64, 95% CI 0.54–0.75) or lactate (AUROC: 0.60, 95% CI 0.49–0.71) to the regression models did not improve their diagnostic accuracy. None of the patients with a suPAR value of less than 2 ng/ml were admitted to hospital, while 64% of the patients with a suPAR value of more than 6 ng/ml were hospitalized. Conclusion: Pre-hospital suPAR measurements alone or combined with CRP and/or lactate measurements could not predict the ED discharge or hospital admission of 109 non-urgent EMS patients with non-specific chief complaints and normal or near-normal vital signs.
Subject: CRP
Emergency medical service
Lactate
Point-of-care
suPAR
3126 Surgery, anesthesiology, intensive care, radiology
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