Getting the 'most out of the hotspot' for practical conservation of groundwater biodiversity

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/335770

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Iannella , M , Fiasca , B , Di Lorenzo , T , Di Cicco , M , Biondi , M , Mammola , S & Galassi , D M P 2021 , ' Getting the 'most out of the hotspot' for practical conservation of groundwater biodiversity ' , Global Ecology and Conservation , vol. 31 , 01844 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2021.e01844

Title: Getting the 'most out of the hotspot' for practical conservation of groundwater biodiversity
Author: Iannella, Mattia; Fiasca, Barbara; Di Lorenzo, Tiziana; Di Cicco, Mattia; Biondi, Maurizio; Mammola, Stefano; Galassi, Diana M. P.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Zoology
Date: 2021-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: Global Ecology and Conservation
ISSN: 2351-9894
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/335770
Abstract: Conservation planning aimed at halting biodiversity loss has seldom focused on groundwater environments due to the lack of suitable management tools and data. Using harpacticoid crustaceans as a test case, we explore the potential of implementing an approach based on Conservation-Relevant Hotspots for practical conservation of groundwater biodiversity. Conservation-Relevant Hotspots are identified by intersecting species richness, endemicity, and taxonomic distinctness with the aim to minimize the total area to protect. We show that, by targeting five Conservation-Relevant Hotspots that cover only 1.9% of the European land surface, one would protect as much as 44% of the harpacticoid crustacean richness, 93% of its endemicity, and 98% of its taxonomic distinctness. About 28% of the area occupied by these hotspots overlaps with protected areas, which calls for an increase in their protection coverage. Our framework proved a useful tool for conservation planning of environments where spatial or socio-economic constraints occur.
Subject: Groundwater
Crustacean species richness
Endemicity
Taxonomic distinctness
Practical conservation
Protected areas
ECOREGIONS
COPEPODS
PRIORITY
AQUIFER
BIOLOGY
ECOLOGY
WORLD
AREA
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
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