The effect of using participatory working time scheduling software on employee well-being and workability : A cohort study analysed as a pseudo-experiment

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Shiri , R , Karhula , K , Turunen , J , Koskinen , A , Ropponen , A , Ervasti , J , Kivimäki , M & Härmä , M 2021 , ' The effect of using participatory working time scheduling software on employee well-being and workability : A cohort study analysed as a pseudo-experiment ' , Healthcare (Switzerland) , vol. 9 , no. 10 , 1385 . https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9101385

Title: The effect of using participatory working time scheduling software on employee well-being and workability : A cohort study analysed as a pseudo-experiment
Author: Shiri, Rahman; Karhula, Kati; Turunen, Jarno; Koskinen, Aki; Ropponen, Annina; Ervasti, Jenni; Kivimäki, Mika; Härmä, Mikko
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health
University of Helsinki, Department of Public Health

Date: 2021-10
Language: eng
Number of pages: 14
Belongs to series: Healthcare (Switzerland)
ISSN: 2227-9032
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9101385
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/335824
Abstract: Shift workers are at increased risk of health problems. Effective preventive measures are needed to reduce the unfavourable effects of shift work. In this study we explored whether use of digital participatory working time scheduling software improves employee well-being and perceived workability by analysing an observational cohort study as a pseudo-experiment. Participants of the Finnish Public Sector cohort study with payroll records available between 2015 and 2019 were included (N = 2427). After estimating the propensity score of using the participatory working time scheduling software on the baseline characteristics using multilevel mixed-effects logistic regression and assigning inverse probability of treatment weights for each participant, we used generalised linear model to estimate the effect of using the participatory working time scheduling software on employees’ control over scheduling of shifts, perceived workability, self-rated health, work-life conflict, psychological distress and short sleep (≤ 6 h). During a 2-year follow-up, using the participatory working time scheduling software reduced the risk of employees’ low control over scheduling of shifts (risk ratio [RR] 0.34; 95% CI 0.25–0.46), short sleep (RR 0.70; 95% CI 0.52–0.95) and poor workability (RR 0.74; 95% CI 0.55–0.99). The use of the software was not associated with changes in psychological distress, self-rated health and work-life conflict. In this observational study, we analysed as a pseudo-experiment, the use of participatory working time scheduling software was associated with increased employees’ perceived control over scheduling of shifts and improved sleep and self-rated workability.
Subject: Propensity score
Psychological distress
Self-rated health
Self-rostering
Work-life conflict
Worktime control
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
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