Life-history genomic regions explain differences in Atlantic salmon marine diet specialization

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Aykanat , T , Rasmussen , M , Ozerov , M , Niemelä , E , Paulin , L , Vähä , J-P , Hindar , K , Wennevik , V , Pedersen , T , Svenning , M-A & Primmer , C R 2020 , ' Life-history genomic regions explain differences in Atlantic salmon marine diet specialization ' , Journal of Animal Ecology , vol. 89 , no. 11 , pp. 2677-2691 .

Title: Life-history genomic regions explain differences in Atlantic salmon marine diet specialization
Author: Aykanat, Tutku; Rasmussen, Martin; Ozerov, Mikhail; Niemelä, Eero; Paulin, Lars; Vähä, Juha-Pekka; Hindar, Kjetil; Wennevik, Vidar; Pedersen, Torstein; Svenning, Martin-A.; Primmer, Craig R.
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Evolution, Conservation, and Genomics
University of Helsinki, Institute of Biotechnology
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)

Date: 2020-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 15
Belongs to series: Journal of Animal Ecology
ISSN: 0021-8790
Abstract: 1. Animals employ various foraging strategies along their ontogeny to acquire energy, and with varying degree of efficiencies, to support growth, maturation and subsequent reproduction events. Individuals that can efficiently acquire energy early are more likely to mature at an earlier age, as a result of faster energy gain which can fuel maturation and reproduction. 2. We aimed to test the hypothesis that heritable resource acquisition variation that covaries with efficiency along the ontogeny would influence maturation timing of individuals. 3. To test this hypothesis, we utilized Atlantic salmon as a model which exhibits a simple, hence trackable, genetic control of maturation age. We then monitored the variation in diet acquisition (quantified as stomach fullness and composition) of individuals with different ages, and linked it with genomic regions (haploblocks) that were previously identified to be associated with age-at-maturity. 4. Consistent with the hypothesis, we demonstrated that one of the life-history genomic regions tested (six6) was indeed associated with age-dependent differences in stomach fullness. Prey composition was marginally linked tosix6, and suggestively (but non-significantly) tovgll3genomic regions. We further showed Atlantic salmon switched to the so-called 'feast and famine' strategy along the ontogeny, where older age groups exhibited heavier stomach content, but that came at the expense of running on empty more often. 5. These results suggest genetic variation underlying resource utilization may explain the genetic basis of age structure in Atlantic salmon. Given that ontogenetic diet has a genetic component and the strong spatial diversity associated with these genomic regions, we predict populations with diverse maturation age will have diverse evolutionary responses to future changes in marine food web structures.
Subject: Atlantic salmon
diet specialization
life-history evolution
ontogenetic diet shift
ontogenetic foraging variation
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology

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