Neurodualism : People Assume that the Brain Affects the Mind more than the Mind Affects the Brain

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dc.contributor.author Valtonen, Jussi
dc.contributor.author Ahn, Woo-kyoung
dc.contributor.author Cimpian, Andrei
dc.date.accessioned 2021-11-01T15:08:02Z
dc.date.available 2021-11-01T15:08:02Z
dc.date.issued 2021-09
dc.identifier.citation Valtonen , J , Ahn , W & Cimpian , A 2021 , ' Neurodualism : People Assume that the Brain Affects the Mind more than the Mind Affects the Brain ' , Cognitive Science , vol. 45 , no. 9 , 13034 . https://doi.org/10.1111/cogs.13034
dc.identifier.other PURE: 168245406
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 6d75ae7d-26d0-473b-9740-280cbfb7c4ed
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000697527300007
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/335921
dc.description.abstract People commonly think of the mind and the brain as distinct entities that interact, a view known as dualism. At the same time, the public widely acknowledges that science attributes all mental phenomena to the workings of a material brain, a view at odds with dualism. How do people reconcile these conflicting perspectives? We propose that people distort claims about the brain from the wider culture to fit their dualist belief that minds and brains are distinct, interacting entities: Exposure to cultural discourse about the brain as the physical basis for the mind prompts people to posit that mind–brain interactions are asymmetric, such that the brain is able to affect the mind more than vice versa. We term this hybrid intuitive theory neurodualism. Five studies involving both thought experiments and naturalistic scenarios provided evidence of neurodualism among laypeople and, to some extent, even practicing psychotherapists. For example, lay participants reported that “a change in a person's brain” is accompanied by “a change in the person's mind” more often than vice versa. Similarly, when asked to imagine that “future scientists were able to alter exactly 25% of a person's brain,” participants reported larger corresponding changes in the person's mind than in the opposite direction. Participants also showed a similarly asymmetric pattern favoring the brain over the mind in naturalistic scenarios. By uncovering people's intuitive theories of the mind–brain relation, the results provide insights into societal phenomena such as the allure of neuroscience and common misperceptions of mental health treatments. en
dc.format.extent 36
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Cognitive Science
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject BELIEFS
dc.subject BODY DUALISM
dc.subject Causality
dc.subject DEPRESSION
dc.subject EXPLANATIONS
dc.subject Intuitive theories
dc.subject MENTAL-DISORDER
dc.subject Mental disorders
dc.subject Mind-body dualism
dc.subject NEUROSCIENCE
dc.subject PSYCHIATRIC-TREATMENT
dc.subject Reasoning
dc.subject SEDUCTIVE ALLURE
dc.subject 515 Psychology
dc.subject 611 Philosophy
dc.subject 3124 Neurology and psychiatry
dc.subject 3112 Neurosciences
dc.title Neurodualism : People Assume that the Brain Affects the Mind more than the Mind Affects the Brain en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Medicum
dc.contributor.organization Department of Psychology and Logopedics
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1111/cogs.13034
dc.relation.issn 0364-0213
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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