Health-Related Quality of Life, Self-esteem and Sexual Functioning Among Patients Operated for Penile Cancer - A Cross-sectional Study

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Harju , E , Pakarainen , T , Vasarainen , H , Tornava , M , Helminen , M , Perttilä , I & Kaipia , A 2021 , ' Health-Related Quality of Life, Self-esteem and Sexual Functioning Among Patients Operated for Penile Cancer - A Cross-sectional Study ' , Journal of Sexual Medicine , vol. 18 , no. 9 , pp. 1524-1531 .

Title: Health-Related Quality of Life, Self-esteem and Sexual Functioning Among Patients Operated for Penile Cancer - A Cross-sectional Study
Author: Harju, Eeva; Pakarainen, Tomi; Vasarainen, Hanna; Tornava, Minna; Helminen, Mika; Perttilä, Ilkka; Kaipia, Antti
Contributor organization: HUS Abdominal Center
Urologian yksikkö
Department of Surgery
University of Helsinki
Date: 2021-09
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Journal of Sexual Medicine
ISSN: 1743-6095
Abstract: Background: Penile cancer surgery affects physical, psychological, and sexual well-being, but the patient-and treatment-related factors predisposing to worse health-related quality of life (HRQoL) have not been well characterized. Aim: We report treatment-related HRQoL changes among penile cancer survivors compared to the general population and the specific deficits that have the most profound effect, and we identify patient-related factors that predispose to a worse perceived HRQoL. Methods: Patients (n = 107) who underwent operations for invasive penile cancer in two Finnish university hospitals from 2009 to 2019 were sent the Patient Reported Outcomes (PROs) questionnaire designed to measure HRQoL, self-esteem, overall sexual functioning, erections, and change in sexual function. We collected clinical information and socio-demographic characteristics, including age, partner status, children, vocational education, and employment status. Associations between patient-and treatment-related factors and HRQoL were analyzed using descriptive statistics and non-parametric tests. Linear regression models were used to compare the HRQoL differences between patients with penile cancer and the age-standardized average for the Finnish population. Outcomes: A generic measure of HRQoL (15D), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Overall Sexual Functioning Questionnaire, the Erection Hardness Score, and self-reported change in sexual functioning. Results: Low scores in overall sexual functioning, erectile function, and changes in sexual functioning were associated with a lower HRQoL. An association was found between HRQoL and age, educational level, employment status, and place of residence. The HRQoL had a negative correlation with age. Patients with a high educational level, who were employed, or who lived in urban areas reported higher HRQoL. The mean HRQoL of penile cancer survivors was significantly lower than the age-standardized average HRQoL of the Finnish population. Clinical Implications: Enhanced support and counseling is needed among penile cancer patients to improve the HRQoL during survivorship. Strengths & Limitations: A nationwide sample with detailed information allowed comparisons of HRQoL between penile cancer patients and the general population. Due to cross-sectional nature of the study, the time between the surgery and the study intervention was heterogeneous, and this may have affected the results. Conclusion: Penile cancer patients exhibit significant physical and psychological dysfunction, and the lack of sexual activity in general is what most compromises the QoL of penile cancer survivors. Copyright (C) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of the International Society for Sexual Medicine.
Subject: Health-Related Quality of Life
Penile Cancer
Penile Surgery
Sexual Functioning
3122 Cancers
3126 Surgery, anesthesiology, intensive care, radiology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc_nd
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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