Gut microbiota link dietary fiber intake and short-chain fatty acid metabolism with eating behavior

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Medawar , E , Haange , S , Rolle-Kampczyk , U , Engelmann , B , Dietrich , A , Thieleking , R , Wiegank , C , Fries , C , Horstmann , A , Villringer , A , von Bergen , M , Fenske , W & Witte , A V 2021 , ' Gut microbiota link dietary fiber intake and short-chain fatty acid metabolism with eating behavior ' , Translational Psychiatry , vol. 11 , 500 .

Title: Gut microbiota link dietary fiber intake and short-chain fatty acid metabolism with eating behavior
Author: Medawar, Evelyn; Haange, Sven; Rolle-Kampczyk, Ulrike; Engelmann, Beatrice; Dietrich, Arne; Thieleking, Ronja; Wiegank, Charlotte; Fries, Charlotte; Horstmann, Annette; Villringer, Arno; von Bergen, Martin; Fenske, Wiebke; Witte, Anja Veronica
Contributor organization: Department of Psychology and Logopedics
Date: 2021-10-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: Translational Psychiatry
ISSN: 2158-3188
Abstract: The gut microbiome has been speculated to modulate feeding behavior through multiple factors, including short-chain fatty acids (SCFA). Evidence on this relationship in humans is however lacking. We aimed to explore if specific bacterial genera relate to eating behavior, diet, and SCFA in adults. Moreover, we tested whether eating-related microbiota relate to treatment success in patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Anthropometrics, dietary fiber intake, eating behavior, 16S-rRNA-derived microbiota, and fecal and serum SCFA were correlated in young overweight adults (n = 27 (9 F), 21-36 years, BMI 25-31 kg/m(2)). Correlated genera were compared in RYGB (n = 23 (16 F), 41-70 years, BMI 25-62 kg/m(2)) and control patients (n = 17 (11 F), 26-69 years, BMI 25-48 kg/m(2)). In young adults, 7 bacteria genera, i.e., Alistipes, Blautia, Clostridiales cluster XVIII, Gemmiger, Roseburia, Ruminococcus, and Streptococcus, correlated with healthier eating behavior, while 5 genera, i.e., Clostridiales cluster IV and XIVb, Collinsella, Fusicatenibacter, and Parabacteroides, correlated with unhealthier eating (all | r | > 0.4, FDR-corrected p < 0.05). Some of these genera including Parabacteroides related to fiber intake and SCFA, and to weight status and treatment response in overweight/obese patients. In this exploratory analysis, specific bacterial genera, particularly Parabacteroides, were associated with weight status and eating behavior in two small, independent and well-characterized cross-sectional samples. These preliminary findings suggest two groups of presumably beneficial and unfavorable genera that relate to eating behavior and weight status, and indicate that dietary fiber and SCFA metabolism may modify these relationships. Larger interventional studies are needed to distinguish correlation from causation.
3112 Neurosciences
515 Psychology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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