Catching up through comparison : The making of Finland as a political unit, 1809–1863

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Kurunmäki , J A & Marjanen , J 2021 , ' Catching up through comparison : The making of Finland as a political unit, 1809–1863 ' , Time & Society , vol. 30 , no. 4 , 0961463X21990349 , pp. 559-580 . https://doi.org/10.1177/0961463X21990349

Title: Catching up through comparison : The making of Finland as a political unit, 1809–1863
Author: Kurunmäki, Jussi Antero; Marjanen, Jani
Contributor organization: Faculty Common Matters
Department of Digital Humanities
Helsinki Computational History Group
Centre for Nordic Studies CENS
Digital Humanities
Nordic Studies
History
Date: 2021-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 22
Belongs to series: Time & Society
ISSN: 0961-463X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0961463X21990349
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/336214
Abstract: The creation of Finland as a grand duchy within the Russian Empire in 1809 opened up the question of what Finland was, in fact. Comparing Finland synchronously with other countries and diachronically with itself before and after its elevation into a grand duchy gained temporal features in which its level of development was assessed. Such temporal comparisons during the first half of the 19th century were used to shape Finland as a political unit, as they facilitated assessment of which parts of society needed to improve in order to make the country comparable with imagined or real others. Given that the Diet (the Estate Assembly) was not convened between 1809 and 1863, these comparative notions largely dealt with questions of political constitution and state institutions. The comparative mindset of the Finnish actors also developed in the process of conducting temporal comparisons. These comparisons can be analyzed through the analytical categories of descriptive synchronization, comparative synchronization, and participative synchronization, the last mentioned being possible only when Finnish actors began to think that Finland, indeed, had developed to a level of maturity.
Subject: Finland
comparison
nation
nineteenth century
state
synchronization
6121 Languages
615 History and Archaeology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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