Mobile Elements Harboring Heavy Metal and Bacitracin Resistance Genes Are Common among Listeria monocytogenes Strains Persisting on Dairy Farms

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dc.contributor.author Castro, Hanna
dc.contributor.author Douillard, Francois
dc.contributor.author Korkeala, Hannu
dc.contributor.author Lindström, Miia
dc.date.accessioned 2021-11-19T10:53:01Z
dc.date.available 2021-11-19T10:53:01Z
dc.date.issued 2021-07-07
dc.identifier.citation Castro , H , Douillard , F , Korkeala , H & Lindström , M 2021 , ' Mobile Elements Harboring Heavy Metal and Bacitracin Resistance Genes Are Common among Listeria monocytogenes Strains Persisting on Dairy Farms ' , Msphere , vol. 6 , no. 4 , e0038321 . https://doi.org/10.1128/mSphere.00383-21 , https://doi.org/10.1128/mSphere.00733-21
dc.identifier.other PURE: 170450509
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 5b41b4be-09cb-423e-a838-22d550a1d1ae
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/336543
dc.description Correction: Volume: 6 Issue: 5 Article Number: e00733-21 DOI: 10.1128/mSphere.00733-21
dc.description.abstract Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen and a resilient environmental saprophyte. Dairy farms are a reservoir of L. monocytogenes, and strains can persist on farms for years. Here, we sequenced the genomes of 250 L. monocytogenes isolates to investigate the persistence and mobile genetic elements (MGEs) of Listeria strains inhabiting dairy farms. We performed a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based phylogenomic analysis to identify 14 monophyletic clades of L. monocytogenes persistent on the farms for ≥6 months. We found that prophages and other mobile genetic elements were, on average, more numerous among isolates in persistent than nonpersistent clades, and we demonstrated that resistance genes against bacitracin, arsenic, and cadmium were significantly more prevalent among isolates in persistent than nonpersistent clades. We identified a diversity of mobile elements among the 250 farm isolates, including three novel plasmids, three novel transposons, and a novel prophage harboring cadmium resistance genes. Several of the mobile elements we identified in Listeria were identical to the mobile elements of enterococci, which is indicative of recent transfer between these genera. Through a genome-wide association study, we discovered that three putative defense systems against invading prophages and plasmids were negatively associated with persistence on farms. Our findings suggest that mobile elements support the persistence of L. monocytogenes on dairy farms and that L. monocytogenes inhabiting the agroecosystem is a potential reservoir of mobile elements that may spread to the food industry. IMPORTANCE Animal-derived raw materials are an important source of L. monocytogenes in the food industry. Knowledge of the factors contributing to the pathogen's transmission and persistence on farms is essential for designing effective strategies against the spread of the pathogen from farm to fork. An increasing body of evidence suggests that mobile genetic elements support the adaptation and persistence of L. monocytogenes in the food industry, as these elements contribute to the dissemination of genes encoding favorable phenotypes, such as resilience against biocides. Understanding of the role of farms as a potential reservoir of these elements is needed for managing the transmission of mobile elements across the food chain. Because L. monocytogenes coinhabits the farm ecosystem with a diversity of other bacterial species, it is important to assess the degree to which genetic elements are exchanged between Listeria and other species, as such exchanges may contribute to the rise of novel resistance phenotypes. en
dc.format.extent 16
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Msphere
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject 11832 Microbiology and virology
dc.subject 416 Food Science
dc.subject one health
dc.subject agroecosystems
dc.subject antimicrobial resistance
dc.subject biocide resistance
dc.subject comparative genomics
dc.subject environmental microbiology
dc.subject food safety
dc.subject heavy metal resistance
dc.subject mobile genetic elements
dc.subject persistence
dc.subject 1172 Environmental sciences
dc.title Mobile Elements Harboring Heavy Metal and Bacitracin Resistance Genes Are Common among Listeria monocytogenes Strains Persisting on Dairy Farms en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Food Hygiene and Environmental Health
dc.contributor.organization Helsinki One Health (HOH)
dc.contributor.organization Departments of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
dc.contributor.organization Miia Lindström / Principal Investigator
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1128/mSphere.00383-21
dc.relation.issn 2379-5042
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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