The Rise and Sustainability of Party Leaders in Slovakia : Robert Fico and Mikuláš Dzurinda

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Nemcok , M & Spáč , P 2020 , The Rise and Sustainability of Party Leaders in Slovakia : Robert Fico and Mikuláš Dzurinda . in S Gherghina (ed.) , Party Leaders in Eastern Europe : Personality, Behavior and Consequences . Palgrave Studies in Political Psychology , Palgrave Macmillan , Cham , pp. 241-264 . https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-32025-6_11

Title: The Rise and Sustainability of Party Leaders in Slovakia : Robert Fico and Mikuláš Dzurinda
Author: Nemcok, Miroslav; Spáč, Peter
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Academic Disciplines of the Faculty of Social Sciences
Gherghina, Sergiu
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Date: 2020
Language: eng
Number of pages: 24
Belongs to series: Party Leaders in Eastern Europe Personality, Behavior and Consequences
Belongs to series: Palgrave Studies in Political Psychology
ISBN: 978-3-030-32024-9
978-3-030-32025-6
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-32025-6_11
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/336603
Abstract: Given the fact that only two relevant parties in Slovakia since 1993 have managed to replace their leaders and maintain their relevance, the role of personality traits in the rise and success of party leaders in Slovakia is an especially important topic. Therefore this chapter focuses on two party leaders – Robert Fico and Mikuláš Dzurinda – who are closely tied to more than two decades of political development in Slovakia during 1998-2019. They both managed to utilize their high level of personal popularity to reach the party leadership and via electoral success achieve intra-party cohesion and increase the membership in their parties. However, while Fico relied on his public popularity for another decade after becoming Prime Minister for the first time, Dzurinda gave up on building the popular public image and focused on managing his heterogeneous coalitions. Fico’s SMER thus remained an internally homogeneous party (to an outside observer) for as long as Fico was the most popular politician in Slovakia, while Dzurinda’s SDKÚ was completely marginalized because Dzurinda was not willing to step down as chairman, despite his decreasing public support and increasing criticism from inside the party.
Subject: 5171 Political Science
public support
popularity
organization reform
Intra-party cohesion
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