The origin and legacy of the Etruscans through a 2000-year archeogenomic time transect

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Posth , C , Zaro , V , Spyrou , M A , Vai , S , Gnecchi-Ruscone , G A , Modi , A , Peltzer , A , Motsch , A , Nagele , K , Vagene , A J , Nelson , E A , Radzeviciute , R , Freund , C , Bondioli , L M , Cappuccini , L , Frenzel , H , Pacciani , E , Boschin , F , Capecchi , G , Martini , I , Moroni , A , Ricci , S , Sperduti , A , Turchetti , M A , Riga , A , Zavattaro , M , Zifferero , A , Heyne , H O , Fernandez-Dominguez , E , Kroonen , G J , McCormick , M , Haak , W , Lari , M , Barbujani , G , Bondioli , L , Bos , K , Caramelli , D & Krause , J 2021 , ' The origin and legacy of the Etruscans through a 2000-year archeogenomic time transect ' , Science Advances , vol. 7 , no. 39 , 7673 .

Title: The origin and legacy of the Etruscans through a 2000-year archeogenomic time transect
Author: Posth, Cosimo; Zaro, Valentina; Spyrou, Maria A.; Vai, Stefania; Gnecchi-Ruscone, Guido A.; Modi, Alessandra; Peltzer, Alexander; Motsch, Angela; Nagele, Kathrin; Vagene, Ashild J.; Nelson, Elizabeth A.; Radzeviciute, Rita; Freund, Cacilia; Bondioli, Lorenzo M.; Cappuccini, Luca; Frenzel, Hannah; Pacciani, Elsa; Boschin, Francesco; Capecchi, Giulia; Martini, Ivan; Moroni, Adriana; Ricci, Stefano; Sperduti, Alessandra; Turchetti, Maria Angela; Riga, Alessandro; Zavattaro, Monica; Zifferero, Andrea; Heyne, Henrike O.; Fernandez-Dominguez, Eva; Kroonen, Guus J.; McCormick, Michael; Haak, Wolfgang; Lari, Martina; Barbujani, Guido; Bondioli, Luca; Bos, Kirsten; Caramelli, David; Krause, Johannes
Contributor organization: Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland
Date: 2021-09
Language: eng
Number of pages: 15
Belongs to series: Science Advances
ISSN: 2375-2548
Abstract: The origin, development, and legacy of the enigmatic Etruscan civilization from the central region of the Italian peninsula known as Etruria have been debated for centuries. Here we report a genomic time transect of 82 individuals spanning almost two millennia (800 BCE to 1000 CE) across Etruria and southern Italy. During the Iron Age, we detect a component of Indo-European-associated steppe ancestry and the lack of recent Anatolian-related admixture among the putative non-Indo-European-speaking Etruscans. Despite comprising diverse individuals of central European, northern African, and Near Eastern ancestry, the local gene pool is largely maintained across the first millennium BCE. This drastically changes during the Roman Imperial period where we report an abrupt population-wide shift to similar to 50% admixture with eastern Mediterranean ancestry. Last, we identify northern European components appearing in central Italy during the Early Middle Ages, which thus formed the genetic landscape of present-day Italian populations.
Subject: ANCIENT
3111 Biomedicine
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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