Socio-economic conditions of small-scale hilsa fishers in the meghna river estuary of Chandpur, Bangladesh

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Ahmed , M , Mitu , S J , Schneider , P , Alam , M , Mozumder , M M H & Shamsuzzaman , M M 2021 , ' Socio-economic conditions of small-scale hilsa fishers in the meghna river estuary of Chandpur, Bangladesh ' , Sustainability (Switzerland) , vol. 13 , no. 22 , 12470 . https://doi.org/10.3390/su132212470

Title: Socio-economic conditions of small-scale hilsa fishers in the meghna river estuary of Chandpur, Bangladesh
Author: Ahmed, Maruf; Mitu, Sabrina Jannat; Schneider, Petra; Alam, Masud; Mozumder, Mohammad Mojibul Hoque; Shamsuzzaman, Md Mostafa
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
Date: 2021-11-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 18
Belongs to series: Sustainability (Switzerland)
ISSN: 2071-1050
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/336616
Abstract: Hilsa fish (Tenualosa ilisha) have become an essential factor behind the well-being of the fishing community, giving fishers their identity as a source of cultural heritage. A field survey was conducted to understand the socio-economic conditions of hilsa fishers at the Meghna river estuary of Chandpur District using well-structured questionnaire interviews (N = 250) with hilsa fishers. The survey revealed that fishers’ livelihoods and living conditions were still below average due to low literacy levels, lack of professional skills, and low incomes. More than two-thirds of the fishers were entirely dependent on hilsa fishing, while more than one-third had between 11 and 20 years of fishing experience. More than two-thirds of the fishers did not have an alternative occupation during ban periods, and the incentives provided by the government were not adequately received by half of the fishers. Fishers were divided into three groups according to their dependence on hilsa fishing. Significant differences were found between these groups in terms of the age of fishers, annual income from fishing, and annual fishing activity days. Therefore, the government, Fisheries cooperatives, NGOs, and other relevant organizations must unite to support fishers for sustainable management.
Subject: Hilsa fishers
Livelihood
Meghna river estuary
Small-scale fishery
Socioeconomics
1172 Environmental sciences
519 Social and economic geography
5203 Global Development Studies
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