The 21st century reforms (re)shaping the education policy of inclusive and special education in Finland

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dc.contributor.author Ahtiainen, Raisa
dc.contributor.author Pulkkinen, Jonna
dc.contributor.author Jahnukainen, Markku
dc.date.accessioned 2021-11-23T15:27:01Z
dc.date.available 2021-11-23T15:27:01Z
dc.date.issued 2021-11-19
dc.identifier.citation Ahtiainen , R , Pulkkinen , J & Jahnukainen , M 2021 , ' The 21st century reforms (re)shaping the education policy of inclusive and special education in Finland ' , Education Sciences , vol. 11 , no. 11 , 750 . https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11110750
dc.identifier.other PURE: 170321243
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: a85197e0-a700-4d17-a4d2-ea38fb60d873
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0003-0040-9191/work/103660145
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0003-1925-6578/work/103660159
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000724797700001
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/336642
dc.description.abstract In recent decades, an essential global aim of the reforms of special education has been the promotion of inclusive education. This article discusses the implementation of reforms with a focus on tiered support systems in the context of Finnish comprehensive school education. Based on earlier literature, legislation, and administrative documents, we provide a background for Finnish education policy and special education reforms. The focus of this article is on the description of parallel reforms targeting the re-structuring of the systems around support for students and funding of education in the 2010s. We discuss the processes leading to these reforms and the reforms themselves. In addition, we discuss their implications for the organization of the tiered support system. Finally, we highlight some challenges of reform implementation and the current education policy’s movements towards inclusive education. en
dc.format.extent 11
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Education Sciences
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject 516 Educational sciences
dc.subject special education
dc.subject educational reform
dc.subject Inclusive education
dc.subject inclusive and special education
dc.subject Education policy
dc.title The 21st century reforms (re)shaping the education policy of inclusive and special education in Finland en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Leadership in Educational Contexts research group, LeadEd
dc.contributor.organization Department of Education
dc.contributor.organization Centre for Educational Assessment CEA
dc.contributor.organization Faculty of Educational Sciences
dc.contributor.organization Helsinki Inequality Initiative (INEQ)
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11110750
dc.relation.issn 2227-7102
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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