Training Staff in Long-Term Care Facilities-Effects on Residents' Symptoms, Psychological Well-Being, and Proxy Satisfaction

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Lamppu , P J , Laakkonen , M-L , Finne-Soveri , H , Kautiainen , H , Laurila , J V & Pitkälä , K H 2021 , ' Training Staff in Long-Term Care Facilities-Effects on Residents' Symptoms, Psychological Well-Being, and Proxy Satisfaction ' , Journal of Pain and Symptom Management , vol. 62 , no. 4 , pp. E4-E12 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2021.03.020

Title: Training Staff in Long-Term Care Facilities-Effects on Residents' Symptoms, Psychological Well-Being, and Proxy Satisfaction
Author: Lamppu, Pauli J.; Laakkonen, Marja-Liisa; Finne-Soveri, Harriet; Kautiainen, Hannu; Laurila, Jouko V.; Pitkälä, Kaisu H.
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care
University of Helsinki, HUS Internal Medicine and Rehabilitation
University of Helsinki, Teachers' Academy




Date: 2021-10
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
ISSN: 0885-3924
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2021.03.020
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/336654
Abstract: Context. Long-term care facility (LTCF) residents have unmet needs in end-of-life and symptom care. Objectives. This study examines the effects of an end-of-life care staff training intervention on LTCF residents' pain, symptoms, and psychological well-being and their proxies' satisfaction with care. Methods. We report findings from a single-blind, cluster randomized controlled trial featuring 324 residents with end-of-life care needs in 20 LTCF wards in Helsinki. The training intervention included four 4-hour educational workshops on palliative care principles (advance care planning, adverse effects of hospitalizations, symptom management, communication, supporting proxies, challenging situations). Training was provided to all members of staff in small groups. Education was based on constructive learning methods and included participants' own resident cases, role-plays, and small-group discussions. During a 12-month follow-up we assessed residents' symptoms with the Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS), pain with the PAINAD instrument and psychological well-being using a PWB questionnaire. Proxies' satisfaction with care was assessed using the SWC-EOLD. Results. The change in ESAS symptom scores from baseline to 6 months favored the intervention group compared with the control group. However, the finding was diluted at 12 months. PAINAD, PWB, and SWC-EOLD scores remained unaffected by the intervention. All follow-up analyses were adjusted for age, gender, do-not-resuscitate order, need for help, and clustering. Conclusion. Our rigorous randomized controlled trial on palliative care training intervention demonstrated mild effects on residents' symptoms and no robust effects on psychological well-being or on proxies' satisfaction with care. (C) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine.
Subject: Palliative care
training
long-term care
randomized controlled trial
pain
well-being
OF-LIFE CARE
OLDER-PEOPLE
PAIN MANAGEMENT
END
DEMENTIA
LONELINESS
SCALES
HOMES
3141 Health care science
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
3112 Neurosciences
3124 Neurology and psychiatry
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