Mental, Physical and Social Functioning in Independently Living Senior House Residents and Community-Dwelling Older Adults

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/336762

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Lahti, A.-M.; Mikkola, T.M.; Salonen, M.; Wasenius, N.; Sarvimäki, A.; Eriksson, J.G.; von Bonsdorff, M.B. Mental, Physical and Social Functioning in Independently Living Senior House Residents and Community-Dwelling Older Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 12299.

Title: Mental, Physical and Social Functioning in Independently Living Senior House Residents and Community-Dwelling Older Adults
Author: Lahti, Anna-Maria; Mikkola, Tuija M.; Salonen, Minna; Wasenius, Niko; Sarvimäki, Anneli; Eriksson, Johan G.; von Bonsdorff, Mikaela B.
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Date: 2021-11-23
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/336762
Abstract: Senior houses provide social interaction and support, potentially supporting older people&rsquo;s physical and mental functioning. Few studies have investigated functioning of senior house residents. The aim was to compare functioning between senior house residents and community-dwelling older adults in Finland. We compared senior house residents (<i>n</i> = 336, 69% women, mean age 83 years) to community-dwelling older adults (<i>n</i> = 1139, 56% women, mean age 74 years). Physical and mental functioning were assessed using the SF 36-Item Health Survey. Loneliness and frequency of social contacts were self-reported. The analyses were adjusted for age, socioeconomic factors and diseases. Physical functioning was lower among men in senior houses compared to community-dwelling men (mean 41.1 vs. 46.4, <i>p</i> = 0.003). Mental functioning or the frequency of social contacts did not differ between type of residence in either sex. Loneliness was higher among women in senior houses compared to community-dwelling women (OR = 1.67, <i>p</i> = 0.027). This was not observed in men. Results suggest that women in senior houses had similar physical and mental functioning compared to community-dwelling women. Male senior house residents had poorer physical functioning compared to community-dwelling men. Women living in senior houses were lonelier than community-dwelling women despite the social environment.


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