Investigation and Computational Analysis of the Sulfotransferase (SOT) Gene Family in Potato (Solanum tuberosum) : Insights into Sulfur Adjustment for Proper Development and Stimuli Responses

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Faraji, S.; Heidari, P.; Amouei, H.; Filiz, E.; Abdullah; Poczai, P. Investigation and Computational Analysis of the Sulfotransferase (SOT) Gene Family in Potato (Solanum tuberosum): Insights into Sulfur Adjustment for Proper Development and Stimuli Responses. Plants 2021, 10, 2597.

Title: Investigation and Computational Analysis of the Sulfotransferase (SOT) Gene Family in Potato (Solanum tuberosum) : Insights into Sulfur Adjustment for Proper Development and Stimuli Responses
Author: Faraji, Sahar; Heidari, Parviz; Amouei, Hoorieh; Filiz, Ertugrul; Abdullah,; Poczai, Péter
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Date: 2021-11-26
Language: eng
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/337279
Abstract: Various kinds of primary metabolisms in plants are modulated through sulfate metabolism, and sulfotransferases (SOTs), which are engaged in sulfur metabolism, catalyze sulfonation reactions. In this study, a genome-wide approach was utilized for the recognition and characterization of SOT family genes in the significant nutritional crop potato (<i>Solanum tuberosum</i> L.). Twenty-nine putative <i>StSOT</i> genes were identified in the potato genome and were mapped onto the nine <i>S. tuberosum</i> chromosomes. The protein motifs structure revealed two highly conserved 5&prime;-phosphosulfate-binding (5&prime; PSB) regions and a 3&prime;-phosphate-binding (3&prime; PB) motif that are essential for sulfotransferase activities. The protein&ndash;protein interaction networks also revealed an interesting interaction between SOTs and other proteins, such as PRTase, APS-kinase, protein phosphatase, and APRs, involved in sulfur compound biosynthesis and the regulation of flavonoid and brassinosteroid metabolic processes. This suggests the importance of sulfotransferases for proper potato growth and development and stress responses. Notably, homology modeling of StSOT proteins and docking analysis of their ligand-binding sites revealed the presence of proline, glycine, serine, and lysine in their active sites. An expression essay of <i>StSOT</i> genes via potato RNA-Seq data suggested engagement of these gene family members in plants&rsquo; growth and extension and responses to various hormones and biotic or abiotic stimuli. Our predictions may be informative for the functional characterization of the <i>SOT</i> genes in potato and other nutritional crops.


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