Eight-year post-trial follow-up of morbidity and mortality of telephone health coaching

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Mustonen , E , Hörhammer , I , Patja , K , Absetz , P , Lammintakanen , J , Talja , M , Kuronen , R & Linna , M 2021 , ' Eight-year post-trial follow-up of morbidity and mortality of telephone health coaching ' , BMC Health Services Research , vol. 21 , no. 1 , 1237 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-021-07263-w

Title: Eight-year post-trial follow-up of morbidity and mortality of telephone health coaching
Author: Mustonen, Erja; Hörhammer, Iiris; Patja, Kristiina; Absetz, Pilvikki; Lammintakanen, Johanna; Talja, Martti; Kuronen, Risto; Linna, Miika
Contributor organization: Department of Public Health
University of Helsinki
HYKS erva
Päijät-Häme Welfare Consortium
Date: 2021-11-15
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: BMC Health Services Research
ISSN: 1472-6963
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-021-07263-w
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/337418
Abstract: Background: Health coaching is a patient-centred approach to supporting self-management for the chronic conditions. However, long-term evidence of effectiveness of health coaching remains scarce. The object of this study was to evaluate the long-term effect of telephone health coaching (THC) on mortality and morbidity among people with type 2 diabetes (T2D), coronary artery disease (CAD) and congestive heart failure (CHF). Methods: 1535 T2D, CAD and CHF patients with unmet treatment targets were randomly allocated into an intervention group (n = 1034) and control group (n = 501). Intervention group received monthly individual strength-based, autonomy supportive THC sessions (average 30 min) for behavior change with a specially trained nurse for 12 months additional to usual health care. Control group received usual health care services. The primary outcome was a composite of death from cardiovascular causes or non-fatal stroke or non-fatal myocardial infarction (AMI) or unstable angina pectoris (UAP) during a follow-up of 8 years Three other composite endpoints with distinct combinations of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events and death from any cause were used as secondary outcomes. Other outcomes followed were the most relevant components of the composite endpoints. Randomized controlled trial (RCT) data was linked to Finnish national health and social care registries and electronic health records (EHR). Post-trial eight-year evaluation was conducted using intention-to-treat (ITT) and per-protocol (PP) analysis. Results: The composite primary outcome event rate per 100 person years was lower in the intervention group (3.45) than in control group (3.88) in ITT -analysis, but the difference was not statistically significant (hazard ratio in the intervention group 0.87; 95% CI, 0.71 to 1.07; P = 0.19). In the subgroup (T2D, CAD/CHF) analysis, there were no statistically significant effects. The secondary PP-analysis showed statistically significant benefits for those who participated in the study. Conclusions: No statistically significant effect of health coaching on mortality and morbidity was found in intention to treat analysis. The per protocol results suggest, however, that the intervention may be effective among patients who are willing and able to participate in health coaching. More research is needed to identify patients most likely to benefit from low-intensity health coaching. Trial registration: NCT00552903 (registration date: the 1st of November 2007, updated the 3rd of February 2009).
Description: Publisher Copyright: © 2021, The Author(s).
Subject: 3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
3141 Health care science
Coronary artery disease
Health coaching
Type 2 diabetes
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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