Lakes in the era of global change : moving beyond single‐lake thinking in maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem services

Show simple item record Heino, Jani Alahuhta, Janne Bini, Luis Mauricio Cai, Yongjiu Heiskanen, Anna-Stiina Hellsten, Seppo Kortelainen, Pirkko Kotamaki, Niina Tolonen, Kimmo T. Vihervaara, Petteri Vilmi, Annika Angeler, David G. 2021-12-14T15:31:41Z 2021
dc.identifier.citation Heino, J., Alahuhta, J., Bini, L.M., Cai, Y., Heiskanen, A.-S., Hellsten, S., Kortelainen, P., Kotamäki, N., Tolonen, K.T., Vihervaara, P., Vilmi, A. and Angeler, D.G. (2021), Lakes in the era of global change: moving beyond single-lake thinking in maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem services. Biol Rev, 96: 89-106. fi
dc.identifier.issn 1464-7931
dc.description.abstract The Anthropocene presents formidable threats to freshwater ecosystems. Lakes are especially vulnerable and important at the same time. They cover only a small area worldwide but harbour high levels of biodiversity and contribute disproportionately to ecosystem services. Lakes differ with respect to their general type (e.g. land-locked, drainage, floodplain and large lakes) and position in the landscape (e.g. highland versus lowland lakes), which contribute to the dynamics of these systems. Lakes should be generally viewed as ‘meta-systems’, whereby biodiversity is strongly affected by species dispersal, and ecosystem dynamics are contributed by the flow of matter and substances among locations in a broader waterscape context. Lake connectivity in the waterscape and position in the landscape determine the degree to which a lake is prone to invasion by non-native species and accumulation of harmful substances. Highly connected lakes low in the landscape accumulate nutrients and pollutants originating from ecosystems higher in the landscape. The monitoring and restoration of lake biodiversity and ecosystem services should consider the fact that a high degree of dynamism is present at local, regional and global scales. However, local and regional monitoring may be plagued by the unpredictability of ecological phenomena, hindering adaptive management of lakes. Although monitoring data are increasingly becoming available to study responses of lakes to global change, we still lack suitable integration of models for entire waterscapes. Research across disciplinary boundaries is needed to address the challenges that lakes face in the Anthropocene because they may play an increasingly important role in harbouring unique aquatic biota as well as providing ecosystem goods and services in the future. fi
dc.language.iso en fi
dc.publisher Wiley & Sons fi
dc.relation.ispartofseries Biological Reviews 96(1), 89-106 fi
dc.rights In Copyright 1.0
dc.subject biological diversity fi
dc.subject ecosystem change fi
dc.subject fresh waters fi
dc.subject meta-system fi
dc.subject monitoring fi
dc.subject resilience fi
dc.subject restoration fi
dc.subject biodiversity fi
dc.subject ecosystem services fi
dc.subject aquatic ecosystems fi
dc.subject restoration of water systems fi
dc.subject lakes fi
dc.title Lakes in the era of global change : moving beyond single‐lake thinking in maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem services fi
dc.type Article fi
dc.identifier.laitoskoodi Suomen ympäristökeskus fi
dc.subject.ysa biodiversiteetti fi
dc.subject.ysa ekosysteemipalvelut fi
dc.subject.ysa luonnon monimuotoisuus fi
dc.subject.ysa makea vesi fi
dc.subject.ysa resilienssi fi
dc.subject.ysa seuranta fi
dc.subject.ysa vesiekosysteemit fi
dc.subject.ysa vesistöjen kunnostus fi
dc.subject.ysa ympäristönmuutokset fi
dc.subject.ysa järvet fi

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