Is It Time We Stop Discouraging Evening Physical Activity? New Real-World Evidence From 150,000 Nights

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Kahn , M , Korhonen , T , Leinonen , L , Martinmaki , K , Kuula , L , Pesonen , A-K & Gradisar , M 2021 , ' Is It Time We Stop Discouraging Evening Physical Activity? New Real-World Evidence From 150,000 Nights ' , Frontiers in public health , vol. 9 , 772376 .

Title: Is It Time We Stop Discouraging Evening Physical Activity? New Real-World Evidence From 150,000 Nights
Author: Kahn, Michal; Korhonen, Topi; Leinonen, Leena; Martinmaki, Kaisu; Kuula, Liisa; Pesonen, Anu-Katriina; Gradisar, Michael
Contributor organization: SLEEPWELL Research Program
Mind and Matter
Department of Psychology and Logopedics
Date: 2021-11-04
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Frontiers in public health
ISSN: 2296-2565
Abstract: Professional and colloquial sleep hygiene guidelines advise against evening physical activity, despite meta-analyses of laboratory studies concluding that evening exercise does not impair sleep. This study is the first to investigate the association between objectively measured evening physical activity and sleep within a real-world big-data sample. A total of 153,154 nights from 12,638 individuals aged 18-60 years (M = 40.1 SD = 10.1; 44.5% female) were analyzed. Nighttime sleep and minutes of physical activity were assessed using Polar wearable devices for 14 consecutive days. Thirty minutes or more of moderate-to-near maximal physical activity during the 3 h before sleep onset were recorded in 12.4% of evenings, and were more frequent on weekdays than weekends (13.3 vs. 10.2% respectively, p < 0.001). Linear mixed modeling revealed that sleep efficiency was not significantly associated with evening physical activity, and that sleep duration was 3.4 min longer on average on nights following evenings in which participants engaged in 30 min or more of moderate-intense physical activity. Effects were found for sleep timing metrics, as evening physical activity was linked with earlier sleep onset and offset times (-13.7 and -9.3 min, respectively). Overall, these effects were greater- but still very small- on weekdays compared to weekends. The present study provides further evidence for the lack of meaningful links between sleep duration or quality and physical activity in the hours preceding sleep. Taken together with recent meta-analytic findings, these findings suggest that changes in public health recommendations are warranted regarding evening physical activity and its relation to sleep.
Subject: physical activity
evening exercise
sleep hygiene
sleep quality
sleep duration
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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