Narration and Focalization : A Cognitivist and an Unnaturalist, Made Strange

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dc.contributor.author Polvinen, Merja Kristiina
dc.contributor.author Mäkelä, Maria
dc.date.accessioned 2022-01-13T07:26:01Z
dc.date.available 2022-01-13T07:26:01Z
dc.date.issued 2018-09
dc.identifier.citation Polvinen , M K & Mäkelä , M 2018 , ' Narration and Focalization : A Cognitivist and an Unnaturalist, Made Strange ' , Poetics Today , vol. 39 , no. 3 , pp. 495-521 . https://doi.org/10.1215/03335372-7032718
dc.identifier.other PURE: 89124878
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 64adfb43-afb4-4a83-9895-9a2dc7688b75
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85054086778
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-4976-8104/work/49160583
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000445891900004
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/338541
dc.description.abstract Any new narratological theory faces the test of being applicable to much-analyzedclassics of prose fiction and of yielding new insights into narratives that have served as textbook examples of narrative strategies for decades. This essay is a constructed dialogue between imaginary narratologists who are paradigmatic proponents of two schools of thought in postclassical narratology: the cognitive and the unnatural. The two narratologists juxtapose their respective concepts and methodologies in an analysis of William Golding's late modernist classic The Inheritors, especially the narrative dynamics of "alien" Neanderthal focalization versus "naturalizing" Homo sapiens narration. Ultimately, The Inheritors reminds the cognitivist of how language-bound the readerly effects of estrangement and integration in internal focalization can be. Conversely, the same novel serves as an example for the unnaturalist of the paradoxical necessity for perceptual and emotional familiarization in our attempts to understand fundamental alterity. The parameters of cognitive and unnatural narratology may seem divergent at the outset, but in this essay their representatives find a common ground in an estranging reading of the enactive immersion in The Inheritors. Here the extraordinary embodiedness of the Neanderthal focalization is a key to a literary-allegorical reading of the Neanderthal mind as imagined by Golding. This reading, accomplished through a constructed debate between two paradigms, reflects the actual positions of the authors of this essay: Makela and Polvinen are both proponents of an approach that acknowledges the inherent syntheticity and linguistic overdeterminedness of a literary narrative as well as its "natural" enactivist pull toward bodily immersion. en
dc.format.extent 27
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Poetics Today
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject 6122 Literature studies
dc.subject William Golding
dc.subject unnatural narratology
dc.subject cognitive narratology
dc.subject focalization
dc.subject estrangement
dc.subject narratology
dc.subject voice
dc.title Narration and Focalization : A Cognitivist and an Unnaturalist, Made Strange en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization English Philology
dc.contributor.organization Department of Modern Languages 2010-2017
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1215/03335372-7032718
dc.relation.issn 0333-5372
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version acceptedVersion

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