Stock Assessment and Rebuilding of Two Major Shrimp Fisheries (Penaeus monodon and Metapenaeus monoceros) from the Industrial Fishing Zone of Bangladesh

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Alam, M.S.; Liu, Q.; Schneider, P.; Mozumder, M.M.H.; Uddin, M.M.; Monwar, M.M.; Hoque, M.E.; Barua, S. Stock Assessment and Rebuilding of Two Major Shrimp Fisheries (Penaeus monodon and Metapenaeus monoceros) from the Industrial Fishing Zone of Bangladesh. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2022, 10, 201.

Title: Stock Assessment and Rebuilding of Two Major Shrimp Fisheries (Penaeus monodon and Metapenaeus monoceros) from the Industrial Fishing Zone of Bangladesh
Author: Alam, Mohammed Shahidul; Liu, Qun; Schneider, Petra; Mozumder, Mohammad Mojibul Hoque; Uddin, Mohammad Muslem; Monwar, Md. Mostafa; Hoque, Md. Enamul; Barua, Suman
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Date: 2022-02-01
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/340161
Abstract: The two economically important shrimp species in Bangladesh are the tiger shrimp, <i>Penaeus monodon</i>, and the brown shrimp, <i>Metapenaeus monoceros</i>. However, a continuous decline in the landing of these species from the industrial trawling made it critical to assess their stock biomass status to explore their response to the present degree of removal. Given the minimum data requirement and robustness, this study employed the depletion-based stock reduction analysis (DB-SRA) to assess these fisheries rigorously. For the industrial fishing zone (beyond the 40 m depth in the EEZ of Bangladesh), the estimated historic mean carrying capacity (<i>K</i>) was 5015 metric tons for the <i>Penaeus monodon</i> and 35,871 metric tons for <i>Metapenaeus monoceros</i>. The estimated overfishing limits (<i>OFL</i>), which were much smaller than the reported catches throughout the time series, indicate the overfishing status of these fisheries. As a result, the estimated biomass for the reference year (<i>B</i><sub>2020</sub>) for both species was lower than <i>B<sub>MSY</sub></i>, indicating that these fisheries are not producing <i>MSY</i>. Therefore, for the rebuilding and sustainable management of these stocks, this study recommended a catch limit of 100 metric tons for <i>P. monodon</i> and 750 metric tons for <i>M. monoceros</i> for the next ten years from biomass projections.


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