Bee Bread as a Promising Source of Bioactive Molecules and Functional Properties: An Up-To-Date Review

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Bakour, M.; Laaroussi, H.; Ousaaid, D.; El Ghouizi, A.; Es-Safi, I.; Mechchate, H.; Lyoussi, B. Bee Bread as a Promising Source of Bioactive Molecules and Functional Properties: An Up-To-Date Review. Antibiotics 2022, 11, 203.

Title: Bee Bread as a Promising Source of Bioactive Molecules and Functional Properties: An Up-To-Date Review
Author: Bakour, Meryem; Laaroussi, Hassan; Ousaaid, Driss; El Ghouizi, Asmae; Es-Safi, Imane; Mechchate, Hamza; Lyoussi, Badiaa
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Date: 2022-02-05
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/340166
Abstract: Bee bread is a natural product obtained from the fermentation of bee pollen mixed with bee saliva and flower nectar inside the honeycomb cells of a hive. Bee bread is considered a functional product, having several nutritional virtues and various bioactive molecules with curative or preventive effects. This paper aims to review current knowledge regarding the chemical composition and medicinal properties of bee bread, evaluated in vitro and in vivo, and to highlight the benefits of the diet supplementation of bee bread for human health. Bee bread extracts (distilled water, ethanol, methanol, diethyl ether, and ethyl acetate) have been proven to have antioxidant, antifungal, antibacterial, and antitumoral activities, and they can also inhibit α-amylase and angiotensin I-converting enzyme in vitro. More than 300 compounds have been identified in bee bread from different countries around the world, such as free amino acids, sugars, fatty acids, minerals, organic acids, polyphenols, and vitamins. In vivo studies have revealed the efficiency of bee bread in relieving several pathological cases, such as hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, inflammation, and oxidative stress.


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