Caffeine content in newborn hair correlates with maternal dietary intake

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Lehtonen , A , Uusitalo , L , Auriola , S , Backman , K , Heinonen , S , Keski-Nisula , L , Pasanen , M , Pekkanen , J , Tuomainen , T-P , Voutilainen , R , Hantunen , S & Lehtonen , M 2021 , ' Caffeine content in newborn hair correlates with maternal dietary intake ' , European Journal of Nutrition , vol. 60 .

Title: Caffeine content in newborn hair correlates with maternal dietary intake
Author: Lehtonen, Anni; Uusitalo, Lauri; Auriola, Seppo; Backman, Katri; Heinonen, Seppo; Keski-Nisula, Leea; Pasanen, Markku; Pekkanen, Juha; Tuomainen, Tomi-Pekka; Voutilainen, Raimo; Hantunen, Sari; Lehtonen, Marko
Contributor organization: HUS Gynecology and Obstetrics
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Helsinki
Helsinki University Hospital Area
Department of Public Health
Date: 2021-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: European Journal of Nutrition
ISSN: 1436-6207
Abstract: Purpose High-maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy may be harmful for perinatal outcomes and future child health, but the level of fetal cumulative exposure has been difficult to measure thus far. Here, we present maternal dietary caffeine intake during the last trimester and its correlation to caffeine content in newborn hair after birth. Methods Maternal third trimester diets and dietary caffeine intake were prospectively collected in Kuopio Birth Cohort (KuBiCo) using a 160-item food frequency questionnaire (n = 2840). Newborn hair was collected within 48 h after birth and analyzed by high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) for caffeine (n = 316). Correlation between dietary caffeine intake and neonatal hair caffeine content was evaluated from 203 mother-child pairs. Results Mean dietary caffeine intake was 167 mg/days (95% CI 162-172 mg/days), of which coffee comprised 81%. Caffeine in the maternal diet and caffeine content in newborn hair correlated significantly (r = 0.50; p <0.001). Older, multiparous, overweight women, and smokers had the highest caffeine levels in the maternal diet, as well as in their newborn babies' hair. Conclusion Caffeine exposure, estimated from newborn hair samples, reflects maternal third trimester dietary caffeine intake and introduces a new method to assess fetal cumulative caffeine exposure. Further studies to evaluate the effects of caffeine exposure on both perinatal and postnatal outcomes are warranted, since over 40% of pregnant women consume caffeine more than the current suggested recommendations (European Food Safety Association, EFSA recommendations).
Subject: Caffeine
Mass spectrometry
Food safety
3143 Nutrition
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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