Safety of frozen and dried formulations from whole yellow mealworm (Tenebrio molitor larva) as a novel food pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/340213

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EFSA Panel Nutr Novel Foods Food A , Turck , D & Heinonen , M 2021 , ' Safety of frozen and dried formulations from whole yellow mealworm (Tenebrio molitor larva) as a novel food pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283 ' , EFSA Journal , vol. 19 , no. 8 , 6778 . https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2021.6778

Title: Safety of frozen and dried formulations from whole yellow mealworm (Tenebrio molitor larva) as a novel food pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283
Author: EFSA Panel Nutr Novel Foods Food A; Turck, Dominique; Heinonen, Marina
Contributor organization: Department of Food and Nutrition
Helsinki One Health (HOH)
Food Quality & Safety
Date: 2021-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 30
Belongs to series: EFSA Journal
ISSN: 2314-9396
DOI: https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2021.6778
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/340213
Abstract: Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Nutrition, Novel Foods and Food Allergens (NDA) was asked to deliver an opinion on frozen and dried formulations from whole yellow mealworm (Tenebrio molitor larva) as a novel food (NF) pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283. The term yellow mealworm refers to the larval form of the insect species Tenebrio molitor. The NF comprises the frozen and freeze-dried formulations of the yellow mealworm, whole or in the form of powder. The frozen formulation consists mainly of water, crude protein and fat whereas the freeze-dried formulations of crude protein, fat, digestible carbohydrates and fibre (chitin). The Panel notes that the levels of contaminants in the NF depend on the occurrence levels of these substances in the insect feed. The Panel notes furthermore that there are no safety concerns regarding the stability of the NF if the NF complies with the proposed specification limits during its entire shelf-life. The dried formulations of the NF have a high protein content, although the true protein levels in the NF are overestimated when using the nitrogen-to-protein conversion factor of 6.25, due to the presence of non-protein nitrogen from chitin. The applicant proposed to use the NF as whole frozen or whole dried insect, or in the form of powder, added as an ingredient to various food products such as cereal bars, pasta, meat imitates and bakery products. The target population is the general population. The Panel notes that, considering that the NF will not be the sole source of dietary protein, and the composition of the NF and the proposed conditions of use, the consumption of the NF is not nutritionally disadvantageous. The submitted toxicity studies from the literature did not raise safety concerns. The Panel considers that the consumption of the NF may induce primary sensitisation and allergic reactions to yellow mealworm proteins and may cause allergic reactions in subjects with allergy to crustaceans and dust mites. Additionally, allergens from the feed may end up in the NF. The Panel concludes that the NF is safe under the proposed uses and use levels. (C) 2021 European Food Safety Authority. EFSA Journal published by John Wiley and Sons Ltd on behalf of European Food Safety Authority.
Subject: Novel foods
food safety
Tenebrio molitor larva
yellow mealworm
insect powder
entomophagy
CYTOTOXIC MOLECULES
INSECTS
COLEOPTERA
CHITIN
MELANOGENESIS
ENTOMOPHAGY
SECRETIONS
CADMIUM
416 Food Science
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nd
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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