Flexible transition timing in discrete-time multistate life tables using Markov chains with rewards

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/340379

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Schneider , D C , Myrskylä , M & van Raalte , A A 2021 ' Flexible transition timing in discrete-time multistate life tables using Markov chains with rewards ' MPIDR Working Paper , no. WP-2021-002 , Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research , Rostock , pp. 42 . https://doi.org/10.4054/MPIDR-WP-2021-002

Titel: Flexible transition timing in discrete-time multistate life tables using Markov chains with rewards
Författare: Schneider, Daniel C.; Myrskylä, Mikko; van Raalte, Alyson A.
Upphovmannens organisation: Population Research Unit (PRU)
Faculty Common Matters
Centre for Social Data Science, CSDS
Center for Population, Health and Society
Utgivare: Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research
Datum: 2021
Språk: eng
Tillhör serie:
Tillhör serie: MPIDR Working Paper
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4054/MPIDR-WP-2021-002
Permanenta länken (URI): http://hdl.handle.net/10138/340379
Abstrakt: Discrete-time multistate life tables are attractive because they are easier to understand and apply in comparison to their continuous-time counterparts. While such models are based on a discrete time grid, it is often useful to calculate derived magnitudes, like state occupation times, under assumptions that posit that transitions take place at other times, such as mid-period. Unfortunately, currently available models allow only a very limited set of choices about transition timing. We propose to utilize Markov chains with rewards as an intuitive and general way of modelling the timing of transitions. Combining existing discrete-time models with the rewards methodology results in an estimation strategy that features easy parameter estimation, flexible transition timing, and little theoretical overhead. We illustrate the usefulness of rewards- based multistate life tables with SHARE data for the estimation of working life expectancy using different retirement transition timings. We also demonstrate that, for the single-state case, the rewards-based multistate life tables match traditional life table methods exactly. We provide code to replicate all results of the paper, as well as R and Stata packages for general use of the method proposed.
Subject: 5141 Sociology
Användningsbegränsning: openAccess
Parallelpublicerad version: publishedVersion


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