Iranian and Iraqi torture survivors in Finland and Sweden : findings from two population-based studies

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/340574

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Garoff , F , Tinghög , P , Suvisaari , J , Lilja , E & Castaneda , A E 2021 , ' Iranian and Iraqi torture survivors in Finland and Sweden : findings from two population-based studies ' , European Journal of Public Health , vol. 31 , no. 3 , pp. 493-499 . https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckab037

Title: Iranian and Iraqi torture survivors in Finland and Sweden : findings from two population-based studies
Author: Garoff, Ferdinand; Tinghög, Petter; Suvisaari, Jaana; Lilja, Eero; Castaneda, Anu E.
Contributor organization: Department of Psychology and Logopedics
Medicum
Date: 2021-06
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: European Journal of Public Health
ISSN: 1101-1262
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckab037
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/340574
Abstract: Background: Most refugees and other forced migrants have experienced potentially traumatic events (PTEs). Torture and other traumatic experiences, as well as various daily stressors, impact the mental health and psychosocial well-being of war-affected populations. Methods: The study includes two population-based samples of Iranian and Iraqi men living in Finland and Sweden. The Finnish Migrant Health and Well-being Study (Maamu) was conducted in 2010-2012. The Linkoping study was conducted in Sweden in 2005. In both samples, health and well-being measures, social and economic outcomes as well as health service utilization were reported. Results: The final sample for analysis consisted of two groups of males of Iranian or Iraqi origin: 278 residents in Finland and 267 residents in Sweden. Both groups were subdivided according to the reported PTEs: Torture survivors; Other PTEs; No PTEs. Migrants that reported PTEs, torture survivors in particular, had significantly poorer social and health outcomes. Torture survivors also reported lower trust and confidence in authorities and public service providers, as well as more loneliness, social isolation and experiences of discrimination. Conclusions: Torture and other PTEs prevalent in refugee and migrant populations create a wide-ranging and long-term impact in terms of increased risk of various types of adverse social and health conditions. Early identification through systematic and effective screening should be the first step in guiding migrants and refugees suffering from experiences of torture and other PTEs to flexible, multidisciplinary services.
Subject: MENTAL-HEALTH
WAR EXPERIENCES
DAILY STRESSORS
TRAUMA
CONSERVATION
ASSOCIATION
RESOURCES
CONFLICT
SYMPTOMS
EXPOSURE
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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