Subjective well-being predicts health behavior in a population-based 9-years follow-up of working-aged Finns

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/340634

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Stenlund , S , Koivumaa-Honkanen , H , Sillanmäki , L , Lagström , H , Rautava , P & Suominen , S 2021 , ' Subjective well-being predicts health behavior in a population-based 9-years follow-up of working-aged Finns ' , Preventive Medicine Reports , vol. 24 , 101635 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2021.101635

Title: Subjective well-being predicts health behavior in a population-based 9-years follow-up of working-aged Finns
Author: Stenlund, Säde; Koivumaa-Honkanen, Heli; Sillanmäki, Lauri; Lagström, Hanna; Rautava, Päivi; Suominen, Sakari
Contributor organization: Department of Public Health
Research Services
University of Helsinki
Clinicum
HUS Head and Neck Center
Date: 2021-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Preventive Medicine Reports
ISSN: 2211-3355
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2021.101635
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/340634
Abstract: The cross-sectional association between measures of subjective well-being (SWB) and various health behaviors is well-established. In this 9-year (2003–2012) follow-up study, we explored how a composite indicator of SWB (range 4–20) with four items (interest, happiness, and ease in life, as well as perceived loneliness) predicts a composite health behavior measure (range 0–4) including dietary habits, physical activity, alcohol consumption, and smoking status. Study subjects (n = 10,855) originated from a population-based random sample of working-age Finns in the Health and Social Support study (HeSSup). According to linear regression analysis, better SWB predicted better health behavior sum score with a β = 0.019 (p < 0.001) with a maximum effect of 0.3 points after adjusting for age (p = 0.038), gender (p < 0.001), education (p = 0.55), baseline self-reported diseases (p = 0.020), baseline health behavior (β = 0.49, p < 0.001), and the interaction between SWB and education (p < 0.001). The results suggest that SWB has long-term positive effect on health behavior. Thus, interventions aiming at health behavioral changes could benefit from taking into account SWB and its improvement in the intervention.
Description: Publisher Copyright: © 2021
Subject: Follow-up
Health behavior
Life satisfaction
Longitudinal study
Subjective well-being
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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