Interaction between TCF7L2 rs7903146 Genotype, HbA1c Levels, and the Periodontal Status of Dental Patients

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Grigoriadis , A , Koutounidou , S , Räisänen , I , Arsenakis , M & Sakellari , D 2021 , ' Interaction between TCF7L2 rs7903146 Genotype, HbA1c Levels, and the Periodontal Status of Dental Patients ' , European Journal of Dentistry , vol. 15 , no. 3 , EJD201201239 , pp. 495-501 .

Title: Interaction between TCF7L2 rs7903146 Genotype, HbA1c Levels, and the Periodontal Status of Dental Patients
Author: Grigoriadis, Andreas; Koutounidou, Symela; Räisänen, Ismo; Arsenakis, Minas; Sakellari, Dimitra
Contributor organization: Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases
HUS Head and Neck Center
Date: 2021-07-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: European Journal of Dentistry
ISSN: 1305-7456
Abstract: Objective The aim of the study was to investigate the potential interaction between TCF7L2 rs7903146 genotype, which is implicated for type-2 diabetes mellitus genetic susceptibility, HbA1c levels, and the periodontal status of dental patients. Materials and Methods HbA1c levels, clinical periodontal parameters (probing depth, clinical attachment level, bleeding on probing, and plaque index), and several parameters (such as body mass index [BMI], smoking habits, education level, and age) were recorded in 150 patients who fulfilled the criteria for screening for prediabetes/diabetes of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. DNA was extracted and the TCF7L2 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs7903146 was genotyped in all participants. Results Thirty-one patients out of 150 tested were found with unknown hyperglycemia (20.7%). Regarding sex, education, parent with diabetes, normal BMI, smoking, age ≥45 years and prior testing for diabetes, no differences were observed between patients displaying HbA1c < 5.7 and ≥ 5.7% (Pearson's Chi-square test, p > 0.05). Regarding periodontal parameters and differences between subgroups (HbA1c levels ≥ 5.7 and HbA1c levels < 5.7), statistically significant differences were observed for probing depth (3.20 ± 0.94 vs. 2.81 ± 0.78 mm), clinical attachment level (3.54 ± 1.20 vs. 3.18 ± 1.06 mm) and bleeding on probing (0.62 ± 0.25 vs. 0.50 ± 0.24%) with hyperglycemic patients exhibiting worse periodontal conditions (Mann-Whitney test p < 0.05). The allelic and genotype frequencies for the transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) gene, SNPs 7903146 did not exhibit a significant difference between the HbA1c > 5.7 and HbA1c < 5.7 groups and the periodontitis and nonperiodontitis subgroups respectively (Fisher's exact test >0.05). Statistical AnalysisPatient characteristics and their association with prediabetes were tested by Pearson's Chi-square test (asymptotic, two sided). Differences of periodontal parameters between subgroups were tested with the Mann-Whitney U-test. The associations of allele and genotype frequencies in the patient and control groups were analyzed using the Fisher's exact test of independence.The significance level was set at the 0.05 for all tests. Conclusion A statistically significant association between TCF7L2 rs7903146 genotype and periodontal condition or HbA1c levels was not observed in contrast to statistically significant differences of clinical parameters of periodontitis in patients with hyperglycemia.
Description: Publisher Copyright: © 2021 Georg Thieme Verlag. All rights reserved.
Subject: genotype
313 Dentistry
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc_nd
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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